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Common Shoulder Related Issues

Traditionally, orthopaedic conditions and injuries require long, invasive treatments and surgeries, but with the advancement in modern medicine, there are various new treatments such as PRP therapy and stem cell therapy that are being used to treat these conditions.

What is stem cell therapy?

Also known as orthobiologic treatment, stem cell therapy is a form of treatment where in stem cells are used to reduce pain and heal the orthopaedic condition or injury. It is a natural form of treatment wherein no surgery is required.Stem cells are special cells that possess the ability to divide and take the form of any other cell in our body, enabling them to perform various functions. These cells are harvested from the bone marrow and placed at the site of injury or the affected area.In orthopaedics, stem cell therapy is used as a treatment option for various conditions.
such as –
● Knee –
● Meniscus tears
● Arthritis
● Ligament tears
● Tendon tears
● Overuse injuries
● Shoulder –
● Arthritis
● Rotator cuff tear
● Other shoulder conditions
● Hips –
● Arthritis
● Bursitis
● Spine –
● Back pain
● Bulging or herniated discs
● Degenerative disc
● Torn disc
● Elbow –
● Injuries
● Tendon issues
● Ligament issues
● Overuse
● Foot –
● Ligament tear
● Sprain
● Fractures
Benefits of stem cell therapy
A few benefits of stem cell therapy include:
● No anaesthesia required
● Decrease in inflammation
● Relief from pain
● Increase in range of motion in the affected area
● Long term solution
● A beneficial alternative to surgery
● Faster recovery time

How is stem cell therapy performed?

At Germanten Hospital, stem cell therapy procedure is performed as an outpatient procedure, with no requirement of general anaesthesia. The frequency and timing of treatments that one requires will be determined by the improvement in your conditions, over time. A team of the best doctors led by Dr.Mir Jawad Zar Khan is available at Germanten Hospital.
● First, the area, from where the stem cells are to be extracted, is numbed.
● Then, the doctor inserts a needle into the area and withdraws a small amount of bone marrow tissue. This tissue contains stem cells.
● After this, the bone marrow fluid is put in a machine called the centrifuge,which creates a substance called bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC).
● Next, the area of the injury is numbed. The doctor injects the BMAC into the area near the injury, using ultrasound so that the exact area of injury can be pinpointed.
Risks and complications Usually, there are no complications associated with stem cell therapy for orthopaedic conditions, but as with any procedure, there may be some risks such as:
● Bleeding
● Bruising
● Infection
● Damage to blood vessels or nerves
● Allergic reaction
● Pain

If you notice any symptoms such as fever or an increase in pain, you should
immediately contact your doctor. Apart from that, you should follow all the
instructions given by your doctor for faster recovery.

Our shoulders are one of the most movable joints in our body. With the help of our shoulder, we can move our arms across the body, reach up and behind. The shoulder joint is mainly made of three bones – the humerus, the clavicle and
the scapula. It is anchored by tendons, muscles and ligaments to hold it in a stable position. Since the ball of the upper arm is bigger than the socket holding it, the shoulder can be unstable and is prone to problems and injuries. There can be many
reasons behind shoulder pains – strains, falls, blows, accidents, daily wear and tear, repetitive motion and medical conditions.

How to prepare for stem cell therapy?

To prepare for a stem cell therapy procedure, one can follow these tips:
● You should provide your doctor with your complete medical history, allergies and medications that you take.
● You should avoid smoking as soon as possible.
● If your doctor deems it necessary, then he may advise you to start or stop taking certain medications.

After the stem cell therapy procedure, you might feel some discomfort and swelling near the site of extraction and injection for two to three days. Your doctor at Germanten Hospital will prescribe you some medication for pain relief. You can go home the very same day the stem cell therapy procedure is performed. After four weeks of the procedure, you might regain mobility and strength and your condition
might improve gradually. Germanten Hospital has been accredited with NABH and has more than 200 beds.Each operation theatre has a highly advanced laminar airflow for total infection control. The most modern and advanced surgical treatments and techniques are performed at Germanten. We aim to provide our patients with minimally invasive and regenerative treatment options. For this, Germanten Hospital has been graded as the Best Emerging Orthopedic Hospital by the Times of India in 2019. It has also been named the Best Orthopedic Hospital in South India by the Economic Times in 2021.Dr.Mir Jawad Zar Khan, a veteran of over twenty years in the field of orthopaedics, is
the lead surgeon at Germanten Hospital. A gold medalist from Osmania University, he has received advanced training in the field from the USA and Germany. He has performed more than 10000 surgeries. To celebrate his achievements and efforts, he was awarded the title of Best Doctor by the ex-CM of Joint Andhra Pradesh & Former Governor Tamilnadu, Shri Roshaiah Garu in 2018. In 2019, he was honoured with the Vaida Ratna Award by the Honourable Health Minister of Telangana, Shree Etala Rajendra.

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