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Knee Replacement

Home - Knee Replacement


It is also called Knee Arthroplasty. The number of knee replacement surgeries are continuously increasing every year because with increasing life span, more and more people live far beyond 70 and are suffering from knee pain and they are opting for surgery. Another reason for the increasing number of joint replacements is increasing prosperity, greater penetration of medical insurance coverage and rising number of healthcare beneficiary agencies.

But the most important reason for the increasing number of knee replacements is that they are one of the most successful surgeries with huge benefits to the sufferers of joint pain.Knee Replacement changes your life from a daily painful to a totally pain free existence.

The first knee replacement was performed in 1968.

What is knee replacement?

Simply put, three worn out and pain causing components of a deformed knee joint are replaced by three components made of polymer, metal alloy or ceramic. It is more of changing the worn surfaces of the bones that make the knee joint rather than replacing bones.

In truth the joint is not ‘replaced’, rather the articulating surfaces of the parts of bones touching the cartilage are replaced with metal alloy or ceramic implants and ‘spaced’ with hard wearing polymer prosthetic components.

The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint. Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints like shoulder, ankle, wrist, and elbow.

While the shoulder joint can be operated and a ‘total shoulder replacement’ can be done, it is rare. Shoulder joints benefit most with arthroscopic surgery.

With advances in medicine and engineering going hand in hand, human joints have been the biggest beneficiary organs. Joints always have soft bone like structures called cartilage which cushion the movement between the bones. Cartilages are prone to diseases like rheumatoid and osteoarthritis and problems like injuries. Cartilages have the inherent defect that they do not heal like other tissue. So damaged cartilages result in:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Reduced motion
  • Deformity
  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint instability

Although joint pain is not a life-threatening condition, it does cause a lot of discomfort and sporadic to continuous pain. The quality of life is compromised, sometimes beyond relief.

Prosthetic joints have come as saviours to patients with painful joints. Surgeries, popularly called ‘Joint Replacement Surgeries’ are greatly helpful in:

  • Pain relief
  • Restoring mobility
  • Deformity correction
  • Providing joint stability

Why Germanten is the best for joint replacement

Germanten Hospital offers the best knee replacement experience because we have:

  • A highly qualified, skilled and experienced team of surgeons, operation theatre staff, nurses and paramedical staff
  • Out infrastructure matches best in the world norms
  • Our services are optimised for the best patient care
  • From security staff to the top most surgeons, all our staff is committed to patient care
  • We provide special help cell for overseas patients
  • Above everything else, we offer nearly painless knee replacement with the most advanced surgical techniques
  • We provide a conducive environment for faster post-operative rehabilitation

Exemplary patient care with a personal touch

Our Continuous Research and Development Program helps us deliver the latest advancements to patients. For example, we aim to deliver the best robotic knee replacement in Hyderabad and create a research environment in close association with our research partners.Thus we deliver the latest surgical techniques very soon after they are accepted as best practices.

Painless surgery and a pleasant recovery

This is our motto not only for knee surgery but also for all types of surgeries or procedures which may involve pain and discomfort to the patient.

We follow strict pain management protocols including pain scoring to titrate the exact amount of pain management medicine for every patient. Our pain management team monitors the ‘pain score’ of every patient post-surgery and counsel and medicate them to achieve minimum pain.

Who needs knee replacement?

There are many conditions, which may require a total knee replacement [TKR] surgery. During TKR, the lower end of the thigh bone [femur] and the top end of the shinbone [tibia] are removed and replaced with artificial knee implants. A part of the knee cap [called patella] is also shaved off to be replaced by a prosthesis.

TKR at Germanten: the process

Once it is decided that you need a TKR, and you are admitted to Germanten Hospital, our guest relationship executives help you understand your treatment and healing process.

  • Before we start treatment, team will discuss every detail about the patient’s condition and answer all the questions you might have about the surgery.
  • After you give your consent for surgery, the anaesthesia team will visit you before your surgery to discuss the various anaesthesia options with you.
  • You will be instructed to adhere to certain restrictions to ensure that your operation happens on time
  • You will be taken to the operation theatre by the operation theatre team, accompanied by the patient care attendants and the nurses.
  • After surgery, depending on your condition, a team of experts will help you recover
  • You will be sent back to your room only after the doctors are convinced that you have regained senses from your anaesthesia and you are conscious and your condition is stable.

What are the common types of knee replacements?

  • Total Knee replacement: In this surgery, as the name suggests, all the parts of the articulating surface of the knee are replaced with prostheses. The lower end of the thigh bone and the upper end of the shin bone and a part of the patella [kneecap] are replaced by prostheses.
  • Partial Knee Replacement: In this surgery, only one part of your damaged knee gets replaced. The replaceable part can either be the inner side, outer side or the kneecap. The damaged tissue is removed and replaced with artificial man-made implants, also called prosthesis.
  • Revision Knee Surgery: Though total knee replacement is one of the most successful knee surgery and most patients recover well after surgery, on rare occasions it may fail for various reasons. In such cases, your doctor may suggest a second surgery- which is commonly called a Revision Knee Surgery.  In this surgery, the old and damaged or failed prostheses are removed and replaced with new and different type of prostheses. Revision knee surgery is also done in a two or three decade old TKR where the artificial joints have worn out.

However, artificial joints used currently last for far longer as compared to the artificial joints of say a decade ago.

Germany and Germanten Hospital

Our hospital’s name Germanten was inspired by our founder and chief orthopaedic surgeon Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan’s association with Germany. He took extensive advanced training in joint replacement in Germany and as a result Germanten Hospital closely follows the best medical and surgical practices of Germany.

After surgery

A TKR takes a mere 25 minutes. After surgery, we encourage the patients to walk in a few hours. This helps in better healing and recovery after TKR. Walking in about four hours after surgery gives the greatest satisfaction to both the patients themselves and surgeons.

First in Robotics

Robots have become a part of human industry everywhere. Robotic technology has also come into orthopaedic surgery.

Germanten Hospital was the first in Hyderabad to use a robotic arm for total and partial knee replacement treatment. The robotic arm cuts to the nearest half millimetre for ultraprecise and safe implant placement. Compared tothe traditional surgical technique, robotic surgery is far more accurate and gives more predictable results.

Dr Mir Javad and his team do thousands of joint replacements at Germanten Hospital every year and the number is increasing. With his training in Germany and the close collaboration with the latest German technology, Germanten Hospital delivers the cutting-edge technology and skills in joint replacement surgery.

Latest News

Medgate Today

We are Happy to Announce Our Respected Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan Sir has been recognised among“INDIA’S TOP ORTHOPEDICIANS “ by MEDGATE TODAY and launched A “Coffee Table Book on India’s Top Orthopedicians” by Chief Guest Shri Ashwini Choubey, Minister of State Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Govt of India On 21st Feb 2019 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

The Times of India Health Survey -2019

Germanten Hospitals have been recognized by The Times of India All India Multispecialty Hospitals Ranking Survey-2019 as “Best Emerging Multispecialty Hospital in Hyderabad-2019″.

Iconic Achievements in Joint Replacements & sports injuries in South India

Dr.Mir Jawad Zar Khan Senior Orthopaedic Surgeon from Hyderabad was Awarded Iconic Achievements in Joint Replacements & sports injuries in South India by BCCI chairman India Shree Sandeep Patil and Shree Sonu Nigam and other dignitaries in recognition of services rendered to Indian sportsmen for sports injuries.

Today Group Award

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan Senior Orthopaedic Surgeon from Hyderabad was Awarded Better India Healthcare Awards 2018 by Today Group held in Delhi for Best Patient-Centric Care with Innovative Technology in Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement Surgeries.