Tag: Cardiology

16 Dec 2023
Better Health with cardiology

Better Heart Health with a Cardiologist

Our heart is beating tirelessly about 100,000 times a day, and it is the lifeline of our body. A healthy heart improves blood circulation, transporting vital nutrients and oxygen. Besides being a muscular organ, the heart symbolizes and sustains life. Hence, preserving its health is not just a choice but a necessity.


Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with understanding, treating, and preventing heart diseases. It covers a spectrum of conditions, such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, heart failure, and valvular disorders, to name a few.  

Cardiologists undergo rigorous training to specialize in managing heart-related conditions and are always at the forefront of advancements in cardiology treatments.

The Vital Role of Cardiologists:

Cardiologists emerge as specialists with a deep understanding of the complexities associated with the heart. Their expertise extends beyond routine health checks, focusing on heart and circulatory complications. Cardiologists are the real heroes in a world of increasing heart issues, helping to keep our hearts in shape.

Cardiologists act as educators, providing comprehensive heart health information. From explaining the significance of a heart-healthy diet to clarifying the benefits of regular exercise, they empower patients to make informed lifestyle choices.

Precision in Diagnosis:

Cardiologists use various diagnostic tools to assess our heart health. From traditional hearing aids to advanced imaging technologies such as echocardiography and cardiac MRI, they meticulously assess the heart’s structure and function.

To understand what might be going wrong with your heart, cardiologists use different tests like stress tests, blood work, and electrocardiograms (ECGs). These tests help them figure out if there are any potential issues early on.

Cardiologists conduct thorough assessments, including family history, lifestyle factors, and overall health, to create a complete profile of an individual’s heart health. This initial evaluation provides personalized preventive measures.

Tailored Treatment Approaches:

Recognizing the uniqueness of each individual, cardiologists craft personalized plans for patients. These plans address specific needs, from lifestyle modification to medication and surgical interventions.

Cardiologists not only treat existing conditions but also emphasize lifestyle changes, helping patients improve their cardiovascular health over the long term. 

Cardiologists often collaborate with other healthcare professionals, promoting a well-rounded approach to heart health. This may involve working alongside dietitians, physical therapists, and mental health professionals to address various aspects of a patient’s well-being and curating a personalized treatment plan. 

Regular Check-ups:

Prevention is the cornerstone of heart health, and regular check-ups with a cardiologist help prevent heart issues such as stroke or heart attacks. Routine visits to cardiologists help in the early detection of risk factors, allowing for timely intervention. 

Partnering with a cardiologist in your healthcare journey is not just for the unwell but for those seeking to maintain an optimal heart health baseline. 

Selecting the Right Cardiologist:

Choosing a cardiologist requires careful consideration of credentials, experience, and a compassionate approach. A good cardiologist possesses a wealth of knowledge and communicates effectively, ensuring you understand your heart health and treatment plan. 

Seeking recommendations, reading reviews, and scheduling an initial consultation are important steps in finding the right cardiologist.

Embracing a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle:

Cardiologists assess and classify an individual’s risk of heart disease based on various factors, including age, sex, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure. This allows preventive measures to be designed accordingly.  

Beyond diagnosis and treatment, cardiologists also emphasize the importance of a heart-healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet, regular exercise, stress management, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol are integral to maintaining a robust cardiovascular system. 

Post-Operative Care

Cardiologists are involved in post-operative care and rehabilitation for individuals who undergo cardiac procedures or surgeries. They guide patients through recovery, monitor progress, and prescribe rehabilitation exercises to restore optimal heart health.

Pediatric Cardiology

In pediatric cardiology, specialists work with children born with congenital heart defects or those who develop heart conditions. Cardiologists in this field provide early interventions and long-term care to ensure optimal heart health in pediatric patients.


Cardiologists are crucial for handling heart diseases and supporting heart health. They use advanced technologies to diagnose and treat heart conditions more accurately. Working together with other healthcare experts ensures a well-rounded and complete approach to patient care. You can expect personalized treatment and improved results when you pick a cardiologist that suits your needs.

15 Nov 2023

5 Tips For Understanding Your Heart Failure Medications

The heart is a complex organ that continuously pumps and circulates oxygenated blood throughout the body. The heart’s contractions, such as exercise or rest, adapt to varying demands. It also regulates blood pressure and flow by responding to hormonal and neural signals. This complexity enables the organ to keep us healthy. 

Nonetheless, any form of heart damage or heart disease can be a traumatic experience that threatens our ‘well-being.’There is no cure for heart failure, and the only aim of the various treatment methods available is to alleviate symptoms and impede its progression.

These days, we have numerous medicines to treat and keep a check on heart failure, but they have their pros and cons of side effects. Here, we provide five tips to understand and use safely your prescribed heart failure medications

  1. Know your heart type failure.  

    The type of heart failure determines the medications you receive. Heart failure reduces the heart’s pumping ability and needs to be addressed to restore it to a healthy condition. Hence, knowing the type of heart failure affects the medications you need.

    Left-sided heart failure: This is the most common type of heart failure. The left ventricle pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body. In left-sided heart failure, the left ventricle cannot pump efficiently, leading to a shortage of oxygen-rich blood. This leads to a collection of blood in the lungs instead. 

    Right-sided heart failure: This heart failure results as a side effect of the inefficient pumping of the left ventricle. The right ventricle’s job is to pump enough blood that needs to be replenished with oxygen to the lungs. However, there is already accumulated blood in the lungs due to left-sided heart failure. The extra blood causes elevated blood pressure in the blood vessels between the heart and lung, ultimately damaging the heart’s right-side parts.  

    Congestive heart failure: This occurs when fluid accumulates in different parts of the body due to fluid retention in the lungs and reduced blood flow through the circulatory system. It results in edema along with shortness of breath.

  2. Know the role of each medication.
    Each medication prescribed to treat your heart failure has a specific purpose in treating your heart failure. Knowing the purpose of each drug can enhance your understanding of how and when to take it, its dosage, expected outcomes, etc. Keeping a list of your medicines can help you and the physician track your medications and health conditions and avoid any problems related to drug interactions.

  3. Follow the prescribed medication regimen.
    This is one of the crucial steps in managing your heart failure treatment. Follow precisely your physician’s instructions in taking the prescribed medications to receive the full benefit of the treatment. Medications help manage the disease, control the symptoms, and improve the patient’s overall health. 

    Not following a consistent medication routine can lead to ineffective treatment or even cause other health issues. Setting reminders on your phone or using pill organizers can help you maintain the correct medication routine.

  4. Look out for medication side effects.

    It is common to have minor side effects with most heart failure medications. Understanding the potential side effects can help your consulting doctor regulate the medication dosages and monitor the functions of the kidneys and other vital organs. 

    Some common side effects of heart failure medications include dizziness, fatigue, and low blood pressure. However, not everyone will experience these side effects. In many cases, these side effects may persist for a while and slowly subside as your body adapts to the medication. 

  5. Manage stress: 

    Doing regular exercise improves cardiovascular health. Routine exercise helps reduce stress by releasing endorphins and also helps maintain a healthy weight. But don’t forget to discuss with your healthcare provider to determine the most suitable exercise routine for your specific condition.

    Having a low-sodium diet can help control fluid retention; hence, reducing salt intake is important. Introduce fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins to your diet while avoiding saturated fats and sugar. 

    Smoking is considered one of the biggest risk factors for heart failure. The components in cigarettes and tobacco can narrow your blood vessels and cause strain on your heart. Quitting smoking can help in normal blood pumping and distribution of oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.

    To Conclude:
    Heart failure is a complex yet manageable disease by taking medications on time and following a healthy lifestyle. Remember, abruptly stopping your medications can cause serious consequences. Hence, do not discontinue your medication without discussing it with your physician. 

03 Nov 2023
who is at risk for heart disease

Who is at risk for heart disease?

Coronary heart disease or simply CAD, popularly known as heart disease causes roughly around 805,000 heart attacks each year in the USA.  Do you know that every year almost 696,000 people die because of heart disease in the United States of America? 

Unhealthy lifestyle habits, lack of physical exercise and early exposure to smoking and tobacco are some of the leading causes of the growing incidences of heart attacks and heart failure cases across the globe. 

While there are certain risk factors such as age and hereditary disorders which cannot be treated completely, there are many others which are directly under your control. 

It is important to identify and eliminate the controllable risk factors of heart disease to stay safe against serious and long-term cardiac issues that include heart failure and heart attack. 

In this blog, we are going to give you an overview of 6 such risk factors which increase your chances of developing a heart disease.

1. High Blood Pressure

The most common and one of the most dangerous risk factors which can result in both heart disease as well as heart stroke is high blood pressure. 

High blood pressure is commonly termed a ‘Silent Killer’ because it usually does not show any clear-cut symptoms that can be detected and prevented at an early stage. The only way to find out if you have high blood pressure is by getting it measured. 

However, most people don’t measure their blood pressure until they have a doctor’s visit or suspect the presence of some other disease that affects blood pressure. 

As a result, in most cases, the condition keeps on getting worse as it does not get detected at the right time finally resulting in heart disease. 

The worst part is that it not only affects your heart but also interferes with the proper functioning of other vital organs such as the kidney and brain.

2. Consumption Of Foods Containing High Quantity Of ‘bad’ Cholesterol

There are two main types of cholesterols—

  • Low-Density Lipoprotein Or LDL Cholesterol: LDL cholesterol is generally called “bad cholesterol” because it accelerates the production of plaque which can build up over time and cause blockages in your arteries. These blockages lead to heart disease.
  • High-Density Lipoprotein Or HDL Cholesterol: High levels of HDL Cholesterol are considered to be effective in preventing the onset of heart disease. That is why it is generally called “good cholesterol.”

3. Diabetes

People who have diabetes are at a higher risk of developing heart disease.

Diabetes can occur because of two reasons—

  • Your pancreas is not producing enough insulin 
  • The body is not able to break down and properly utilize the insulin which it produces

As a result, your body has a high amount of blood sugar levels because the abnormal insulin production is not breaking down the sugar leading to its accumulation in your blood vessels. 

Ultimately sugar accumulation causes blockages in the blood vessels that deliver blood to your brain increasing the risk of stroke. 

Apart from this, high blood sugar also damages the blood vessels of your heart. 

4. Smoking, Tobacco Intake And Extreme Exposure To Secondhand Smoke

Research has shown that one 1 out of every 4 deaths that occur because of heart disease is due to excessive smoking.

Here is a list of ways in which smoking affects your heart health—

  • Smoking increases bad cholesterol
  • It makes the blood sticky increasing the chances of clot formation that ultimately blocks the blood vessels causing heart disease
  • It damages the cells that are present on the lining of the blood vessels
  • It makes the blood thicker and the blood vessels narrower
  • It speeds up the formation of plaque (blockages formed from fat, cholesterol, etc.)

5. Obesity 

Being overweight makes you more susceptible towards developing health issues like—

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • High LDL Cholesterol (Bad Cholesterol)
  • Low HDL Cholesterol (Good Cholesterol) 

It is crucial to maintain a healthy body weight and do regular exercise to prevent the risk of heart disease that occurs due to obesity.

6. Absence Of Regular Physical Activity

Being physically inactive is another major cause of heart disease. In fact, it can even cause other related risk factors like high cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, and in some cases even type 2 diabetes.

Regular physical activity is therefore crucial for people of all ages and genders as it keeps your cardiovascular system healthy ultimately minimizing the chances of the occurrence of heart diseases.


Heart disease is one of the most prevalent causes of death worldwide. However, certain situations have the potential to increase the possibility of its occurrence. 

Likewise, diabetics, people suffering from unbalanced blood pressure, obese individuals, people who don’t get enough physical activity and people with high cholesterol intake are at a much higher risk of developing heart disease. 

If you are facing any heart conditions, please get in touch with our doctors for appointments.
Call 9000909073 or
visit www.germantenhospitals.com

14 Oct 2023
Heart Screening when why are they necessary

Heart Screenings: When & Why Are They Necessary?

Screening exams aim at detecting the presence of a disease at an early stage and treating it as soon as possible to prevent it from progressing. 

According to various studies and research by the National Institutes of Health, cardiac diseases, generally called heart diseases such as CAD or Coronary Artery Disease that lead to a heart attack are one of the primary causes of death in the United States of America. 

The main risk factors of heart disease include—

  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol 
  • Age 
  • Family History Of Heart Disease
  • Tobacco Intake 
  • Smoking
  • Gender
  • Obesity
  • Lack Of Physical Activity
  • Diabetes

Heart screenings are therefore crucial for the timely identification of the risk factors and other causes that may lead to heart disease. 

Who Should Go For Heart Screening?

The American Heart Association says that heart screening tests particularly for coronary artery disease (CAD) must begin at the age of 20 years. 

The best way to find out and prevent the onset of heart disease is to take regular check-up appointments for a thorough examination of your overall health. These can include tests for—

  • BMI: Body Mass Index 
  • Weight 
  • Blood Pressure 
  • Blood Cholesterol Levels 
  • Blood Glucose Levels

Cholesterol tests and blood pressure tests are recommended for all individuals above the age of 20.

Tests for blood pressure are crucial because the risk of developing high blood pressure increases after the age of 65. 

Blood pressure is also one of the leading causes and risk factors of cardiovascular disorders. High blood pressure doesn’t show any symptoms and therefore regularly measuring the blood pressure is a crucial part of heart screening. 

People who are at risk of heart disease must undergo a test for cholesterol screening every 4 to 6 years. Similarly, for people who have a blood pressure level lower than 120/80 mm of Hg frequently, screening is recommended after every 2 years.

Since older individuals are more susceptible to risk factors that are directly related to heart disease, blood glucose screening is essential for people who have crossed the 45-year mark. 

However, obese individuals should start with blood glucose screening as early as 40 years of age. 

More complex and detailed heart screening tests are essential for—

  • Obese individuals
  • People older than 40 years
  • People who are not physically active
  • Chronic smokers
  • Diabetics
  • People who have a history of family suffering from heart disease
  • People with physical disabilities
  • People who were diagnosed with any kind of heart disorders such as those related to high blood pressure, high cholesterol etc. in the past. 

4 Types Of Heart Screening Tests And Their Significance

The most recommended heart screening exams include—

1. EKG or Electrocardiogram 

An electrocardiogram is used to analyze your heart rhythm along with its electrical signaling system. 

It is recommended for people who have structural abnormalities such as an enlarged heart or those with risk factors of heart disease that show symptoms like—

  • Shortness Of Breath
  • Chest Pain
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Irregular Heartbeats
  • Heart Palpitations

It is also beneficial for people with—

  • Diabetes
  • Family history of cardiac disorders

2. Exercise Stress Test

An exercise stress test is used to determine if your heart starts showing abnormal functions or abrupt changes while exercising.

People who are at risk of heart disease including diabetics and those who have symptoms of heart disease can take the test.

3. Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram is used to detect the size as well as the shape of your heart and analyze it for the presence of a structural abnormality associated with important cardiovascular organs such as–

  • Heart Chambers 
  • Heart Walls
  • Blood Vessels
  • Heart Valves

A doctor will recommend you take an echocardiogram test if he suspects that your chest pain and other heart disease-related symptoms are occurring because of your heart’s structural abnormalities.

4. Calcium Scoring 

In a calcium scoring test, a computed tomography or CT scan is used to find out if calcium buildup is present in the plaque that has accumulated on the walls of your arteries. 

The test is highly beneficial for people who are at moderate risk of heart disease as it can accurately help in the early identification of—

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack

Other than these, blood tests to measure the level of cholesterol and triglycerides are also essential because they have a direct impact on your heart health. These tests include measuring your—

  • Total Blood Cholesterol Level 
  • Low-density Lipoprotein Or LDL cholesterol (Bad Cholesterol)
  • High-density Lipoprotein Or HDL Cholesterol (Good Cholesterol) 
  • Triglycerides


While heart screenings are significant to help you stay away, and timely get rid of cardiac diseases, taking the right precautions to keep your cardiovascular health maintained is equally important. 

Regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, avoiding tobacco and cigarettes, limiting alcohol intake and having regular checkups for a comprehensive evaluation of your overall health are some steps you can take to have a healthy cardiovascular system.

For An Appointments :


Visit: www.germantenhospitals.com

03 Oct 2023
Causes of Cardiac arrest in Young Adults

Causes of cardiac arrest in young adults – Explained!

An 8-year-old kid died because of a cardiac arrest while kicking a football.

A 21-year-old singer passes away after complaining about chest pain during his concert.

A 16-year-old girl suddenly faints while playing basketball. Upon reaching the hospital doctor declares her dead due to a cardiac arrest.

Although rare, the cases of young people dying because of a sudden and unexpected cardiac arrest or a heart attack have seen a major hike within the past few years.

As per a study conducted by the CDC (Centres For Disease Control And Prevention) more than 2000 young adults, that is, people aged below 25 years die every year because of cardiac arrest in the United States of America.

Most of these deaths are sudden and unexpected with almost zero alarming factors which can indicate or predict the possibility of their occurrence in advance.

They usually attack healthy young individuals at the time of activities such as physical exercise or while playing a sport. In some cases, cardiac arrest can even occur while sleeping.

Understanding the causes and risk factors of cardiac arrest in young adults is therefore important for the timely identification and elimination of any controllable factors that can be avoided.

Here is a list explaining the 4 primary causes of cardiac arrest in young adults—

1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary condition in which the muscle cells present in your ventricles (the lower chambers of your heart) grow thicker than normal. It causes the thickening of the heart muscle which ultimately interferes with normal heart functioning by creating problems in efficient pumping of the blood.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of cardiac arrest among young adults because of its unrecognizable nature that often remains undiagnosed because it doesn’t show any symptoms.

However, only in a few rare cases, thickened heart muscle might show symptoms like—

Chest pain that occurs particularly while exercising
Faster heartbeats (heart palpitations)
Abnormal or irregular heart rhythm
Shortness of breath
Heart murmur (sound of the heartbeat)

These symptoms worsen when the body is in a state of exhaustion due to sports or has undergone extensive physical exercise.

It is advisable to visit a doctor as soon as the chest pain occurs or if you find difficulty in breathing.

2. Heart Rhythm Disorders

Primary arrhythmias or heart rhythm disorders cause cardiac arrest in people who have a structurally normal heart.

There are many types of arrhythmias but the ones that increase the risk of cardiac arrest in young adults include—

Long QT syndrome
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
Brugada Syndrome

Among these long QT syndrome is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in young adults because it gives rise to rapid and abnormally chaotic heartbeats.

Long QT syndrome can occur because of—

Inheritance of altered DNA
Mineral imbalances
As a side effect of some other medical issues
Intake of certain drugs

While the symptoms usually remain hidden, commonly detectable symptoms include—

Sudden fainting

3. Commotio Cordis (Blunt Chest Injury)

Also known as blunt chest injury, commotio cordis is a condition that results in sudden death due to a cardiac arrest which occurs when some external force directly hits your chest.

It usually happens while playing sports like ice hockey, basketball, baseball etc. due to the chest getting hit by sports equipment or after coming in hard contact with another player.

Blind chest injury (commotio cordis) doesn’t bring a change in the structure of the heart. Likewise, it does not damage your heart muscles. Instead, it targets the electrical signaling of your heart ultimately resulting in ventricular fibrillation.

Ventricular fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia that causes irregular heartbeat. When it occurs, the heart rhythm becomes so irregular and so uncoordinated that most often it creates a medical emergency.

Anybody, from kids to teenagers to young adults who have a completely normal and healthy heart can suffer from commotio cordis at any age.

Therefore, it is one of the most widespread and common causes of death due to cardiac arrest in young adults.

4. Myocarditis

In Myocarditis, the myocardium, which is the main muscle of your heart, gets inflamed.

Its inflammation not only disables the heart from pumping blood efficiently but also results in several other negative effects that ultimately result in cardiac arrest.

These include—

Severe chest pain
Shortness of breath
A rapid heartbeat
Irregular heart rhythm that ultimately results in arrhythmia

Myocarditis is caused by the spread of an infection from a specific type of virus. In some cases, it can also happen due to adverse reactions towards a drug.


Young adults should visit their doctor regularly to check for cardiac health to avoid the risk. If you find that you are at a risk of cardiac arrest then avoiding strenuous physical activity including competitive sports can be a good step towards improving your heart health.