November 2021 - Germanten Hospital

Month: November 2021

28 Nov 2021
what are the causes of knee pain whwn climbing the stairs

What Causes Knee Pain When Climbing Stairs?

Do you experience intense pain in your knees when climbing stairs? If your answer is a yes, then it could be due to arthritis and chondromalacia patella. 

Knee pain when walking up stairs is common in older people. However, you can reduce the pain if it is caused by arthritis and chondromalacia patella. Let us discuss their symptoms and causes in detail.

 Chondromalacia Patella

When you bend your knees, the patella present at the back of your knee cap slides up and down. Chondromalacia patella happens due to the breakage of cartilage tissue at the back of your knee cap. The smooth, slippery cartilage tissue rupture due to increased friction and leads to an aching and sore joint. In addition, it causes knee pain during stair climbing.

Symptoms Of Chondromalacia Patella

You may experience pain at the back of your knee cap. The consistent pain may lead to soreness in the patella and the adjoining regions. Moreover, you may experience intense knee pain going up stairs, walking, squatting, running, and standing for a longer duration.

Causes And Risk Factors

If you are overweight, the chances of chondromalacia patella increase as excess weights put extra pressure on your knee joints. Moreover, if you have suffered previous knee injuries, you may develop chondromalacia patella. Sportspersons and people who are involved in activities like running and biking are more susceptible to this condition. These activities cause rubbing and friction in the knee area that damages cartilage, leading to pain in the knee joint while climbing stairs.

Arthritis 

When your knee cartilage breaks down, it reduces the space in your knee bones. The reduced area causes friction and damages the knee joint. The continuous knee damage can lead to arthritis, and your knee hurts going up stairs. Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis form and can be a significant cause of knee pain while climbing stairs.

Signs And Symptoms Of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is common in middle and old aged people and causes swelling and stiffness in your knees. The symptoms of arthritis and chondromalacia patella are almost similar, and both cause difficulty in your knee movements. Osteoarthritis makes knee bending challenging, and you feel knee pain when climbing stairs but not walking. Moreover, you may take time to find balance and stand up properly after sitting down for a long time. You may face difficulty in taking a few steps after getting out of your bed in the morning.

Causes And Risk Factors

Like chondromalacia patella, your excess weight may lead to arthritis. In addition, if you are a sportsperson, you are at a high risk of developing arthritis. Continuous physical activities may lead to overuse and tearing of knee tissues and cause knee and joint pain. In addition, it causes extreme knee pain while climbing steps. Your genes are also responsible for your arthritis. If your family members had arthritis, you might develop it at the middle or later stages of your life. 

Diagnosis Of Chondromalacia Patella And Arthritis

X-ray is the most well-known technique to diagnose arthritis. It helps your doctor find the reason for knee pain while climbing stairs. X-ray images make your doctor see the space between your bones and the knee joints, making the diagnosis better. It also helps them assess your bone condition and look for bone damages. If your knee pain is caused by rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, your doctor may ask for a blood draw to complete your diagnosis.

In chondromalacia patella, X-ray does not provide sufficient evidence to prove its existence. Therefore, you need to undergo an MRI for a better diagnosis as it gives a better look at your ruptured knee cartilage. In addition, you must talk about your symptoms with your doctor. It will help them diagnose your situation thoroughly. If you experience outer knee pain when climbing stairs only, make sure to tell them.

Your doctor may prescribe medicines to relieve pain and swelling. However, if the drugs do not show any results, you may need knee replacement surgery. You may contact Germanten Hospitals for the successful knee replacement. If you think about ‘why does my knee hurt when I walk up stairs?’ The answer lies in your cartilage and knee diagnosis. 

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar  khan was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

21 Nov 2021
what are the various types of orhopedic surgeries

What Are The Various Types Of Orthopaedic Surgeries?

The battle of dealing with persistent orthopaedic pain is tiresome. It drains your energy and makes it difficult to carry out regular activities. Surgeries serve as a ray of hope and are effective in improving your condition. There are different types of orthopedic surgery to combat pain and provide relief.

The Top 10 Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries:

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction Surgery 

    The ACL is a major ligament that provides stability to the joint. The reconstruction surgery is performed to heal the torn ACL. During the surgery, a portion of the tendon is taken from another body part and is used as a graft. You can follow the RICE technique after the surgery. The RICE technique consists of Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. It is one of the common orthopedic procedures to treat torn ligaments.

  • Knee Replacement Surgery 

    The damaged knee cartilage can lead to restricted motion. You need to undergo partial or total knee replacement surgery in case of damaged cartilage. The cartilage can get damaged due to repetitive movements, trauma, and obesity. There are two types of knee replacement surgery. The first one is total knee replacement surgery, in which an artificial knee replaces the entire knee joint. The other one is partial knee replacement surgery, in which the damaged part is removed and replaced with a metal component.

  • Shoulder Replacement Surgery 

    Shoulder replacement surgery is an orthopedic surgery procedure to treat the damaged shoulder. The top portion of the upper arm bone is replaced with a metal ball, and the injured socket is replaced with a plastic prosthesis. The rotator cuff holds everything in place. In case of a damaged rotator cuff, the surgeon performs a reverse shoulder replacement surgery.

  • Hip Replacement Surgery 

    The hip is connected by a ball and socket joint. In a healthy hip, the ball and socket fit appropriately to ensure easy and smooth movement. In an unhealthy hip joint, the movement is restricted and painful. There are two approaches followed by a surgeon to treat an unhealthy hip joint. The traditional approach involves replacing the entire ball and socket joint with a plastic or metal prosthesis. In the Birmingham hip resurfacing, the damaged portion is replaced with a prosthesis.

  • Knee Arthroscopy 

    It is one of the types of orthopedic surgery in which a surgeon requires a camera. In a knee arthroscopy procedure, a camera is inserted into your knee joint to look at the damage. The camera is attached with different instruments, and the image is projected on a screen. The surgeon looks at the picture and carries out the operation using small tools. Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery.

  • Shoulder Arthroscopy 

    The process is identical to knee arthroscopy. The only difference is that the shoulder arthroscopy is performed on your shoulder. A camera is inserted into the shoulder to take the images, and the images are used to understand the issue.

  • Ankle Repair 

    Ankle repair surgery is mandatory in the case of unstable ankle joints. It can happen after a fracture when the bones are not aligned properly. The surgery helps align the bones, and they are held at their position with the help of implants. You need to wear a cast or boots after the surgery.

  • Spinal Surgeries 

    In the case of spinal injuries, the orthopedic surgical procedures list is long. However, spinal fusion, diskectomy, kyphoplasty, and laminectomy are the common spinal surgeries that improve the condition of a damaged spine.

  • Joint Fusion 

    Joint fusion is surgery for arthritis prone people. It is a common surgery on the orthopedic surgeries list. The damaged cartilage is removed and replaced with a graft. The bones are fixed together to provide stability. The surgery can be performed on the spine, ankle, fingers, and feet.

 

  • Trigger Finger Release 

    A trigger finger occurs when the finger’s tendons are damaged, and the protective layer of the fingers are injured. As a result, it becomes difficult to extend your fingers fully, and you may experience pain. There are three surgeries to correct trigger fingers which are performed under local anaesthesia.

These are the most common operations on the orthopedic operation list. You may contact Germanten Hospital as we perform these operations and provide effective results. 

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

14 Nov 2021
What are the symptoms of acl tear

What are the symptoms of Acl tear?

ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is one of the four primary bands of tissues, or ligaments in your knees, that connect the three bones, namely femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) and patella (kneecap), in your joint. The ACL helps you control your knee’s movements in several directions and also stabilises it.  

Athletes playing certain sports may be more at risk for an ACL tear or sprain. These sports may specifically require you to be intensely active while performing a sudden change of direction. These high-intensity sports that may increase the risk of ACL injuries include football, rugby, basketball, etc. Also, you may suffer from an ACL injury due to a sudden and direct impact on your knee. 

So let’s discuss the symptoms of a knee ACL tear and other injuries.

Symptoms Of ACL Ligament Tear

ACL tear is one of the most common knee-related injuries. If you have suffered from an ACL tear in the past, you may be well aware of its signs and symptoms. The most prevalent of the symptoms you have after tearing your ACL: 

  • Pain: ACL tear is one of the injuries resulting in severe pain, one of the prevalent symptoms. 
  • Instability: Your knee will become incredibly unstable and may even buckle (give out) when you try to move or stand. 
  • Popping sound: One of the prevalent symptoms of an ACL tear is the sound of pop during physical activity. 
  • Walking inability: Due to the pain and instability, you may not be able to and don’t even want to put weight on your leg afflicted with an ACL tear. 
  • Swelling: The tear in your ACL will cause you to have swelling in your knee 

You may experience these symptoms and more due to ACL tears. But the extent of these symptoms will depend a lot on the severity of the tear and your pain threshold. 

You may also wonder about the location of pain in an ACL tear. Although some people are lucky enough to get away with mild pain, most with a tear in their ACL may experience a lot of pain, typically around the centre of their knee. 

Partial ACL Tear

There are different types of ACL injuries, and not everyone will suffer from a complete ACL tear. ACL injuries fall under three categories, with Grade 1 ACL injuries being classified as the mildest ones. Then there are grade 2 ACL injuries, including situations where a person’s ACL is either partially torn or has gotten loose or stretched. Finally, grade 3 includes the complete tear in your anterior cruciate ligament. 

People playing intense-activity sports may experience an injury known as a partial ACL tear. It means that the person has either loosened or stretched the ligament or had a tear in one or two ACL-forming bundles. Although not as much as a complete tear, a partial ACL tear will also be quite painful and result in swelling. In this injury, instability in the knee will vary from person to person. 

ACL Strain

The least severe type of ACL injury is an ACL sprain. Your anterior cruciate ligament may suffer a strain due to being stretched beyond the limit. Although it won’t result in a tear, it will still be quite painful. 

Diagnostic Tests For ACL Tear

The first step of diagnosis of any medical condition is a physical test. In this test, your doctor will examine your symptoms and test the range of your knee’s motion. 

Afterwards, the doctor will perform a Lachman test. In this test, you will be asked to lay on your back. Then the doctor will try to move and bend your knee to analyse its movement ability and the extent of the injury. 

Another test for this injury is the anterior drawer test, in which your knee is bent and pressure is applied behind it. If your leg bones move out of their place, it may indicate an ACL injury

Then there are tests like arthroscopy and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) that will help assess the damage in your knee. 

If you have any other queries regarding symptoms of an ACL tear, you may want to consult with the experts at Germanten Hospital. So book your appointment today!

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

07 Nov 2021
What Are The Early Signs Of Arthritis In The Knees?

What Are The Early Signs Of Arthritis In The Knees?

Arthritis Symptoms

How do you understand the early signs of arthritis in the knees?

We all are adapted to the fast-paced and hyperactive lifestyle today. With that comes the expectations of being socially involved even at the cost of health. Your disoriented lifestyle can take you towards the ailment known as arthritis. But don’t worry; it can be controlled with medicines and discipline if you detect arthritis early. We can help you with everything, including arthritis in the knees and the symptoms.  

Below are the probable arthritis symptoms in the knee that can help identify their health condition and even defeat it in the best scenario. 

Common Symptoms

Standard medical techniques are usually enough for the identification of arthritis. However, the sooner, the better is valid here. Frequent joint pains, swelling of the area, stiffness are considered the first symptoms of arthritis. If you have these signs, the identification is more effortless. 

A gradual decrease in the range of motion and somewhat redness on the joint’s skin are also the signs. In addition, it is common to have various acute diseases or feel slightly feverish. So your determination to find the early identification signs might get a boost when you find out the reduced red blood cell count. 

With competent medical advice and help, you can identify all these signs at the right time and place. Thus, you can ensure proper safety from all sorts of attacks in all ways possible. So like we say, prevention is better than cure, do not overthink about the consequences. 

How Do You Know If You Have Arthritis?

We say that early identification is the only chance to get proper medical help for all diseases. Arthritis is no different. The first signs of arthritis in the knees are easily noticeable, and if you are experiencing any of the following, do consult with a doctor on an urgent basis-

  • The standard and early sign of arthritis is fatigue. Especially RA, you feel tired quickly, like you might feel exhausted even after doing a short physical activity like running or walking. Doctors might not diagnose arthritis at this point. Acute depression often accompanies tiredness. 
  • Morning stiffness is a red alert for arthritis. The stiffness won’t last for a long time, but it will increase and gradually worsen arthritis. If the stiffness lasts long, then you might have inflammatory arthritis (typical of RA arthritis).
  • Identification of early signs of arthritis is possible if you suffer from stiff or painful bone joints. You can feel pain anywhere at any time, irrespective of whether you are active or not. The stiffness starts from the joints of your hand before spreading all over the body. However, it is unlikely that you’ll have the condition in multiple joints in a span of a few days. Pain in fingers, ankles, wrists, knees or shoulders is common. 
  • Acute arthritis is pointed out by swelling and inflammation around specific joints. Sometimes, these areas can feel warm. 
  • Fever is a major symptom of arthritis If fever presents with inflamed and painful joints, then you might have severe RA. 

Now you must have got an insight into possible early signs of arthritis and their identification. Take a peek into your health status for arthritis knee pain or symptoms and consult with an experienced doctor well in time. Though arthritis is not curable, you can keep it under control with proper medical guidance and medications. 

With the above information, you can catch the early signs of arthritis in your knees. Do not hesitate to seek help because it will make your life much easier. With discipline and lifestyle adjustments, every disease is manageable. So do not lose hope and be alert while identifying the symptoms you experience. 

If you suspect to have arthritis in your knees and the symptoms support that, and want a professional opinion, you may visit Germanten Hospital. Our exceptional team of experts can guide you along the way. We even have Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan, who has 20 years of experience in joint replacement and can help you with it if needed. Do not worry if the disease is curable or not; with proper measures and early detection, you can control it. 

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients.

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