June 2021 - Germanten Hospital

Month: June 2021

25 Jun 2021

TKR vs PKR Treatment

Total Knee Replacement vs Partial Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacement or a total knee replacement will help you get back to a pain-free life. Let’s understand the pros and cons of a total knee replacement and partial knee replacement

What is Total Knee Replacement?

Also known as arthroplasty, total knee replacement is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the world. This procedure is performed to reduce disability and pain generally caused by osteoarthritis, a form of degenerative knee arthritis. Physical therapy and other treatments may be performed but when these aren’t sufficient any longer, a knee replacement procedure may be recommended. This condition mainly affects people between the age of 50 to 80 years old.

Meniscus tears, rheumatoid arthritis, and cartilage defects are also a few reasons responsible for unbearable pain in the knee. In the total knee replacement procedure, the whole knee is replaced. The diseased surfaces are removed by the doctor, and the knee joint is resurfaced using a knee prosthesis, made up of plastic and metal.

What is Partial Knee Replacement?

When there is knee damage restricted to a certain area in the knee, then partial knee replacement could be an alternative to total knee replacement, for such candidates. Usually, the inner side of the knee is damaged in the primary stages of osteoarthritis. In this procedure, only the area of the knee cartilage that is diseased is replaced with a knee prosthesis and most of the joint cartilage, as well as the ligaments, are left intact. There isn’t any requirement of replacing the whole knee.

Partial vs Total Knee Replacement

Whether a patient should get partial knee replacement or total knee replacement is determined by the condition of the three knee compartments – the lateral compartment, the medial compartment, and the patellofemoral compartment. A total knee replacement would be done when two of the three compartments are diseased due to arthritis.

A partial knee replacement surgery, also known as unicompartmental knee surgery, may be more beneficial in the sense that there are fewer complications. The range of motion recovery is also quicker with this surgery as compared to total knee replacement surgery. It is minimally invasive and it might stop the disease from spreading further, diminishing the need for a total knee replacement surgery. The hospital stay post-surgery is less as compared to total knee replacement surgery and a higher number of patients can engage in low-impact sports, after minimally invasive partial knee replacement surgery.

There are also a few risks associated with partial knee replacement surgery such as a higher rate of revision or redoing the surgery, which can be more complicated as compared to prior surgeries.

At Germanten Hospital in Hyderabad, the total and partial knee replacement surgery is performed with the ‘0’ technique. Thanks to advanced medical technology, patients at our hospital don’t undergo post-surgery traumatic pain. The team of the best knee replacement doctors at Germanten Hospital is led by Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan, a veteran of two decades in orthopedics. He is known for introducing newer, minimally-invasive surgical techniques and has experience of over 10000 knee replacement surgeries.

Dr Mir Jawad Khan introduced robot-assisted and computer navigation surgery for knee joint replacement to India. The robotic arm is extremely precise. It can cut to the nearest half millimeter. With the use of this technology, the installation of the knee prosthesis becomes less painful and safer.

The team of doctors at Germanten Hospital scans and models the patient’s knee in 3D, using this technology. This helps them determine the size of the implant, tailored to each different patient. Our surgeons obtain real-time information during the surgery, by installing sensors on the knee. This also helps them observe the retraction of tissues.

At Germanten Hospital, knee replacement surgery is performed within 25 minutes and the amount of blood loss is minimal due to fewer incisions. It is a completely painless procedure and our patients work with an experienced team of physiotherapists, post-surgery. For such pioneering work, Germanten Hospital has been graded as the Best Emerging Orthopaedic Hospital in India by the Times of India, in 2019. It has also been named the Best Orthopaedic Hospital in South India by the Economic Times in 2021. The hospital is NABH accredited, has over 200 beds, and state-of-the-art class 100 laminar operation theatres for total infection control.

Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan’s exceptional work in the field of robotic knee replacement and other orthopedic surgeries has led Germanten Hospital to be known as the number one hospital for orthopedic surgery in India. A gold medalist of Osmania University, Hyderabad, he has been awarded the title of Best Doctor by the ex-CM of Joint Andhra Pradesh & Former Governor Tamilnadu, Shri Roshaiah Garu in 2018. He has also been felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award by the Honorable Health Minister of Telangana, Shree Etala Rajendra in 2019. He has advanced training in the orthopedics field from Germany and the USA. Germanten Hospital is your one-stop solution for any knee pain.

11 Jun 2021

Covid 19 Vaccines in India

COVID-19 vaccines in India

With the whole world battling against Coronavirus, vaccines have emerged as the holy grail. However, the second wave of the virus has hit the country hard. India breached nearly 1,00,000 daily marks for coronavirus cases on 10 May 2021. The government has stepped up the vaccination drive and now everyone above the age of 18 to be eligible to get a vaccine from 1st May, 2021

Let’s discuss the types of Coronavirus vaccines in India and the differences between them.

Types of COVID vaccines

There are two vaccines that are being administered in India – Covishield and Covaxin. Covishield is a vaccine from Serum Institute of India and is based on a viral vector platform that involves using ChAdOx1, a chimpanzee adenovirus vector modified for carrying protein spiked with coronavirus into human cells. It is the adenovirus vector platform that gained traction during the rise of Ebola. Covaxin, on the other hand, is developed on an old platform called inactivated whole SARS-CoV-2 virion that is also used for making polio vaccines. Under this method, the disease-producing capacity of the virus is inactivated.

Both Covaxin and Covishield are intramuscular injections administered in two doses. Covaxin, the vaccine from Bharat Biotech has been approved only in emergency situations and for restricted use in the public interest, in clinical trial mode meaning that the vaccine recipient must give consent. After receiving the Covaxin shots, the recipient has to be monitored. The interval between both doses has to be 28 days. Covishield has been approved for people over 18 years old while Covaxin is approved for 12 years and above. Both vaccines must be stored at household refrigerator temperature (2-8 degrees centigrade).

Eligibility to take the vaccine

The COVID vaccinations in India for the general public began on 16th January 2021. The second phase began on 1st March 2021 that opened up vaccine drive for people over 60 years of age and people over 45 years of age with comorbidities. On 1st April, the third phase of vaccination began that extended the vaccination coverage to people over 45 years of age. In the fourth phase, everyone above the age of 18 will be eligible to get vaccinated from May 1, 2021.

Do’s and Don’ts before getting vaccinated

  • Talk to your doctor before you get vaccinated, especially if you are above 45 and have a pre-existing medical condition such as diabetes, renal illnesses, or diabetes to make sure that the vaccine is safe for you. According to the Health Ministry of India, anyone with hemophilia must be under the supervision of a physician during the vaccination.
  • Before you get your vaccine, you should also get a clearance for the medications that you are taking that might increase the possibility of an allergy reaction.
  • People with a history of delayed or immediate onset anaphylaxis or allergic reaction to injectable therapies, pharmaceutical products, or food items should not get vaccinated.

Do’s and Don’ts after getting vaccinated

  • Always wear a mask even after getting vaccinated. You will be fully immunized only 2 weeks after you have received your second vaccine shot. So, you have to still be careful during this time period.
  • You can start taking care of someone who has been infected by the virus. This is the reason why frontline healthcare workers were administered the shots first. While you will still have to follow basic precautions, your chances of getting infected will be bleak.
  • After you have received a second shot of the vaccine and are fully immunized, you won’t have to practice quarantine measures such as getting tested and isolating yourself after you have had close contact with the COVID-19 patient. However, if you have comorbidities, you should still get tested and follow basic quarantine measures.

That being said, the immunity with the vaccine is not yet fully understood. That is why it is best that you take utmost precautions and follow key precautions while outside.

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