September 2021 - Germanten Hospital

Month: September 2021

26 Sep 2021
Signs and Symptoms Of Osteoporosis (Bone Weakness)

Signs and Symptoms Of Osteoporosis (Bone Weakness)- Germanten Hospitals

Common Osteoporosis Symptoms

Even though your bones are typically quite robust, they are made up of living tissue that breaks down and rebuilds regularly.

It is conceivable that old bone breaks down quicker than new bone grows as you become older. As a result, your bones will develop holes and become more brittle. The medical name for this disease is osteoporosis. The best approach to avoid some of the more catastrophic effects, such as bone fractures, is to treat it as soon as you see the signs and symptoms of osteoporosis. Also, Understanding the signs and symptoms of osteoporosis can assist you in taking the necessary actions to maintain your bones health.

Can You Detect Early Symptoms Of Osteoporosis?

Early signs of weak bones that may be detected are uncommon. People with weak bones are often unaware of their condition until they have shattered their hip, spine, or wrist. However, the most common symptoms of osteoporosis are:

Gums That Are Receding

If your jaw is losing bone, your gums may recede. Make an appointment with your dentist to get your jaw checked for bone loss as it can be osteoporosis early signs to look out for.

Weakened Grip Power

Researchers discovered a connection between poor handgrip strength and low bone mineral density in postmenopausal women in a study of total bone mineral density. Furthermore, if your grip strength is weak, you are more likely to fall.

Weak And Brittle Fingernails

The strength of your nails might indicate how healthy your bones are. However, you should consider how other activities, such as swimming, gardening, and other workouts, may impact your nails. 

Osteoporosis typically has few symptoms at first, aside from changes in bone density. Seeing a doctor, particularly if you have a family history of osteoporosis, is your best option to diagnose the early stages of osteoporosis.

Common Symptoms Of Osteoporosis At A Later Stage

When the bone has degraded substantially further, you may experience more noticeable symptoms, such as:

Loss Of Height

Compression fractures in the spine might cause you to lose height. It is one of the most apparent signs that you have osteoporosis.

Fracture From A Fall

One of the most prevalent indications of weak bones is a fracture. Fractures can occur with a fall or a minor movement such as stepping off a curb. A forceful sneeze or cough might also induce some osteoporosis fractures.

Back Or Neck Pain

Compression fractures of the spine can be caused by osteoporosis. These fractures can be extremely painful because the compressed vertebrae may squeeze the nerves that extend out from the spinal cord. Minor discomfort to severe pain is all possible pain signs.

Stooped Posture Or Compression Fracture

The compression of the vertebrae may also cause a little bending of the upper back. A stooped back is known as Kyphosis. Due to the increased pressure on the airway and the limited expansion of your lungs, Kyphosis can induce back and neck pain and breathing problems.

When To See A Doctor?

Osteoporosis symptoms can be painful and unpleasant. If you are suffering significant discomfort in your back, neck, hip, or wrist, see a doctor right away. You may have a shattered bone that needs to be evaluated and treated.

Risk Factors

The following are some common risk factors:

  • Starting menopause before the age of 45
  • Having Caucasian or Asian ancestors
  • Testosterone deficiency in males
  • Old age
  • Smoking cigarettes

Both men and women are susceptible to osteoporosis, although it is more frequent in women due to hormonal changes that occur as people age. Osteoporosis occurs when your body breaks down bone tissue faster than it can regenerate it.

Complications

Osteoporosis can put you at risk for bone fractures, especially in the wrist, spine, and hip. As fractures shorten the spinal column, the effects of spinal fractures might cause a person to become shorter. Bone fractures may necessitate surgery in rare cases.

Treatment

Medication to help increase bone mass is part of the treatment for osteoporosis. In addition, the medicines frequently have hormonal effects, boosting or acting in the body like oestrogen to promote bone development. Visit Germanten Hospital if you experience any symptoms, and we can offer the right diagnosis and treatment. 

For Appointments Call :9000900937/9989635555

 

21 Sep 2021
What Are The Reasons For Cracking Sound In Knee?

What Are The Reasons For Cracking Sound In Knee?

Knee Popping

 

You might have heard a popping, cracking or clicking sound while getting up, sitting down, climbing a flight of stairs or walking. The medical terminology for these sounds is crepitus. It is pretty common, and anyone might experience it. But you might ponder about the reasons for knee popping. 

The build-up of pockets of gases like nitrogen or carbon dioxide or air might be the causes of knee cracking sound. The bubbles of these gases or air accumulate in the synovial fluid in the knee joint. When these bubbles burst, it makes a popping sound. The synovial fluid is a lubricant between ligaments, tendons and bones, making the knee movements smooth. Another reason for the cracking sound in your knee is the tissues in the knee rubbing together.

The sounds of popping and cracking in the knee while walking or climbing stairs are not really out of the ordinary. But if along with these sounds, you start having knee pains, then it might be an indication towards other orthopaedic issues like,

  • Fractures,
  • Torn tendons or tendonitis,
  • Arthritis,
  • Cartilage or Meniscus tear,
  • Ruptured ligament.

In case of pain, the causes of knee clicking might vary significantly. So you might want to have a proper consultation with a concerned doctor, as you could be diagnosed with a condition mentioned above. 

Symptoms Of Knee Popping

In typical cases, there are no other symptoms associated with the knee popping. As discussed earlier, the most common knee cracking sound reason is the burst of gas bubbles in the knee joint due to the frequent movement. However, here are a few musculoskeletal-related symptoms,

  • Musculoskeletal-related Symptoms:
  • Stiff and painful joints. 
  • Recurring or constant swelling.
  • Reduced scope of motion or movement in the knee joints.
  • Inflammation, warmth and redness over the joint.

There might be certain other symptoms along with popping sounds in the knee, including,

  • Dry mouth and eyes along with irritation,
  • Breathlessness,
  • Anaemia,
  • Fever,
  • Fatigue,
  • Tiny lumps around the knee joint under your skin.

If you face any of these symptoms stated above, you might want to consider consulting with a doctor.

Causes Of Knee Popping And Cracking

 

Along with musculoskeletal-related issues, there could be other reasons and causes of knee cracking sounds. A few of them are mentioned below:

  • Dislocated knee or fracture around the area.
  • Torn meniscus or cartilage.
  • Tendon tears or tendonitis.
  • Orthopaedic issues like arthritis: Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Ligament rupture or certain other tendon and ligament-related injury.
  • Runner’s knee or patellofemoral pain syndrome.

These are just a few causes of popping sounds in the knee. But you might not be able to deduce and rectify the root cause without proper consultation with a doctor.

Questions To Ask From The Doctor

For an accurate diagnosis, the doctor might ask you specific questions during the consultation. A few of them are as follows:

  • Are you experiencing pain along with the popping and cracking of the knee?
  • Did you recently suffer an injury to the knee?
  • How much activity do you perform every day?
  • How long have you experienced the popping sound in the knee?
  • A brief description of pain (if any). When was the first time you noticed it? Was the pain drastic or gradual?
  • Have you recently been diagnosed with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis?

When asked these questions, answer them correctly, as it would be critical to diagnosing these popping and cracking sounds in your knee. 

Potential Complications Related To The Popping And Cracking Sounds In Knee

In most cases, the popping or cracking sounds in the knee are pretty safe. But, if the popping sounds are accompanied by pain in the joints, there might be another medical condition in the play. So a proper consultation would help diagnose the root cause of the problem. 

In case of an underlying medical condition, you should follow the treatment provided by the doctor carefully. Along with the treatment, there might be physiotherapies, medications, etc. 

If you are looking for a treatment for knee or other joint-related issues, then come over to Germanten Hospital. Our experts will provide you with the information related to the queries like “reasons for cracking sound in the knee”. So visit our website and book your appointment today.

Why Choose Us?

 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

 

 

12 Sep 2021
What Questions To Ask Before Arthroscopic Knee Surgery?

What Questions To Ask Before Arthroscopic Knee Surgery?

A medical procedure performed to have a look inside the knee to determine the root issue is called knee arthroscopy. Since it is a minimally invasive surgery, the surgeon uses specialized equipment to treat the problem through a small incision (around the size of a keyhole). It is especially useful to ensure that the surrounding healthy tissues remain unaffected. In addition, because of the minimal invasion, the recovery is faster as compared to conventional surgery. So it is possible for the patient to get back to their daily routine quickly. Are you looking to have a knee arthroscopy? 

Here Are Just A Few Questions To Ask The Doctor Before Your Arthroscopic Knee Surgery:

 

  • What Is The Knee Arthroscopy Duration?

    Due to it being a minimally invasive surgical procedure, the knee arthroscopy does not take too long. But it usually depends upon the kind and extent of procedure required along with the seriousness of your medical condition. Most often, it takes around 30 to 40 minutes, but it could last beyond one hour in certain cases.

  • Would I Require A Knee Brace Or Any Other Assistive Devices After Having The Knee Arthroscopy?

    You don’t need to use any assistive devices in case of the majority of knee arthroscopy procedures. But if the surgery has been performed with respect to more serious procedures like meniscus repair, you might require a knee brace for a quicker recovery.

  • Why Is Knee Arthroscopy The Best Treatment Option For My Medical Condition

    It is one of the crucial questions to ask before arthroscopic knee surgery. There are a number of issues with the knee, including torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate ligament), damaged articular cartilage, torn meniscus, joint infections or inflamed synovial tissue. If you are identified with any of these issues, then knee arthroscopy might be the best treatment option for you.

  • What Are The Risks And Complications With Respect To A Knee Arthroscopy

    Knee arthroscopy is considered among the safest surgical procedures with an incredible success rate. But there are a few (minimal) complications and risks associated with every surgical procedure. In case of the knee arthroscopy, the risks include profuse bleeding, an injured nerve, a clot in the veins and post-procedure infection.

  • Do I Require Physical Therapy After The Procedure?

    Whether or not you need physical therapy before the procedure cannot be decided before a physical examination. However, if the doctor observes anything more than minimal swelling, discomfort or pain, it might hinder you from having a quick and complete recovery to gain mobility. In that case, you might require physical therapy. 

  • When Would I Be Able To Return To Work After The Procedure?

    You might be able to return to your job within the week of the procedure in case of a desk-bound job. But if your day job requires you to be relatively active at your job, then you might want to wait at least one and a half months before you return to your work. But for the fastest recovery, it is advisable that you don’t get yourself involved in any strenuous activities.

  • When Can I Drive My Car Post-procedure?

    If you are looking to have knee arthroscopy, you might want to consider staying away from driving and riding for at least 3 to 5 days or even more than 15 days, depending upon the extent of your surgery. Your doctor would explain to you what you can and cannot do before and after the procedure. 

  • Would I Need Pain Medications After the Procedure?One of the most significant questions to ask before arthroscopic knee surgery is regarding any change in your present medication and the need for additional medications. During the procedure, local anaesthesia is administered to ensure a pain-free procedure. So it is natural to experience pain and discomfort after the surgery. Therefore, the doctor might prescribe you a medication that is to be used as per the instructions provided.

    Those as mentioned above are just a few questions to ask the doctor before arthroscopic knee surgery. If you must undergo arthroscopic knee surgery or to gather more information, you might want to consult with the experts at Germanten Hospital. 

Why Choose Us?

The German spirit of “Precision and Perfection” is followed to the core at Germanten Hospital. Dr Mir Jawad holds expertise with advanced German multi-speciality orthopaedic technology, and partnering up with the experts from Germany ensures the best possible care for our patients. 

Our experienced professionals have treated and provided orthopaedic patients with outstanding and cost-effective healthcare for more than 45 years. 

Here Are A Few Accreditations Obtained By Germanten Hospital:

  • NABH Accreditation: Obtaining accreditation with National Accreditation Board For Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH) is a privilege. The board confers this accreditation upon a thorough inspection of the staff and facilities possessed by the hospital, clinic, etc. 
  • ISO Accreditation 9001 : 2008: Neither Germanten Hospital nor any of our employees have never made any illegitimate claim regarding any step of the medical process. That is why we are a member of the International Society Of Orthopaedic Centres (only 2nd Hospital from Asia with full membership).

Along with the accreditations, Germanten Hospitals have been conferred with various recognitions for our service to society:

  • We are the first hospital in Asia to have the German Joint Replacement Technology.
  • Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan has been highly regarded for performing 10,000+ joint replacement surgeries.
  • We are regarded for the highest number of joint replacement surgeries per year in South India.
  • We have performed more than 2000 Joint replacement surgeries in 2 years. 

So consult with Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan at Germanten Hospital if you want the best knee replacement surgery followed by unparalleled aftercare.

 

05 Sep 2021
Arthroscopic surgery recovery time

What’s The Recovery Time For Arthroscopic Knee Surgery?

Recovery time after arthroscopic knee surgery differs based on the circumstances of the individual. Healing time is affected by age, injuries, health state, the capacity and willingness to complete physical treatment. It is crucial to remember that feeling better might take months. Arthroscopic knee repair is a minimally invasive procedure involving local anaesthetic, tiny incisions, less bleeding, faster healing, and less soft tissue injury.

Arthroscopic ACL Ligament Reconstruction

For healthy, active individuals, the average recovery time for arthroscopic knee surgery is 6-9 months and 6-8 weeks for wounds to heal. Your healing time for arthroscopic knee surgery will include a rehabilitation regimen to help you regain range of motion, strengthen muscles, and restore balance. Rehabilitation begins within a week of surgery. 

Swelling and stiffness are possible side effects for patients. Patients are sent home with crutches, brace and painkillers after surgery. Crutches are required until the patient can walk without limping on the reconstructed knee, which takes around two weeks. 

If the meniscus is torn and repaired simultaneously, crutches may be necessary for a longer time. The arthroscopic knee surgery recovery time with meniscus repair ranges from 12-16 weeks, depending on the patient.

Patients can drive after taking painkillers, but they must wait 4-6 weeks if their right knee is damaged. 

Moreover, if the patient has a desk job, they may return to work after seven days. However, if the patient’s work demands a lot of standing, they should wait 4-6 weeks following surgery before returning. 

Arthroscopic Surgery For A Torn Meniscus

Arthroscopic surgery is a popular procedure for removing all or part of a torn meniscus. It is an outpatient procedure performed under local or regional anaesthesia on the same day. Most of the discomfort will fade soon after a simple meniscectomy, but oedema and stiffness will take time to go away. Arthroscopic surgery of the knee recovery time might take up to 4-5 months. After surgery, the patient should be able to bear weight on the knee when standing or walking. 

Crutches are required for the first 2-7 days following surgery. Within 1-2 weeks, you should be able to regain full range of motion. For the first 4-6 weeks, heavy labour or sports may be prohibited. The patient’s knee must be immobilised for two weeks following surgery due to the complicated surgical repair of a meniscus tear. Post that, there will be a two-week period of limited motion before returning to normal activities. 

Post-surgery, the patient is anticipated to walk on crutches for 4-6 weeks. Patients who work in a low-impact job can return to work in 1-2 weeks, drive in 4-6 weeks, and return to hard labour or sports in 3-6 months.

Arthroscopic Repair Of Articular Cartilage Injury

The cartilage at the ends of the bones is known as articular cartilage. Trauma or natural wear and tear can cause damage. Arthroscopy is performed to remove loose cartilage fragments. A microfracture method produces tiny holes in the bone marrow of the damaged cartilage to regenerate new cartilage. For the first several weeks after surgery, no weight-bearing is allowed, and the joint must be protected while cartilage heals.

Patellar Tendon Tears

The patellar tendon connects to muscles in the knee and aids in leg straightening. Small rips can reduce the quality of life and make walking difficult, but they seldom necessitate surgery. Instead, the patient will be required to wear a brace and participate in physical therapy for the next 3-6 weeks as the tendon recovers. 

Surgery can be performed as an outpatient operation or a brief hospital stay with a spinal anaesthetic or general anaesthesia. Rehabilitation begins on the surgical table. The patient will require pain medication and cold treatment to decrease swelling immediately after surgery. Sutures will be removed two weeks following surgery.

Crutches are required since the patient will be wearing a lengthy brace or knee immobiliser that goes from the thigh to the mid-calf to keep the leg motionless for 2-4 weeks. Continuous passive movement treatment, which continually pushes the joint through its range of motion, is one type of physical therapy used to recover mobility. The goal of rehabilitation is to strengthen the joints and muscles.

Why Choose Us?

The German spirit of “Precision and Perfection” is followed to the core at Germanten Hospital. Dr Mir Jawad holds expertise with advanced German multi-speciality orthopaedic technology, and partnering up with the experts from Germany ensures the best possible care for our patients. 

Our experienced professionals have treated and provided orthopaedic patients with outstanding and cost-effective healthcare for more than 45 years. 

Here Are A Few Accreditations Obtained By Germanten Hospital:

  • NABH Accreditation: Obtaining accreditation with National Accreditation Board For Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH) is a privilege. The board confers this accreditation upon a thorough inspection of the staff and facilities possessed by the hospital, clinic, etc. 
  • ISO Accreditation 9001 : 2008: Neither Germanten Hospital nor any of our employees have never made any illegitimate claim regarding any step of the medical process. That is why we are a member of the International Society Of Orthopaedic Centres (only 2nd Hospital from Asia with full membership).

Along with the accreditations, Germanten Hospitals have been conferred with various recognitions for our service to the society:

  • We are the first hospital in Asia to have the German Joint Replacement Technology.
  • Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan has been highly regarded for performing 10,000+ joint replacement surgeries.
  • We are regarded for the highest number of joint replacement surgeries per year in South India.
  • We have performed more than 2000 Joint replacement surgeries in 2 years. 

So consult with Dr Mir Jawad Zar Khan at Germanten Hospital if you want the best knee replacement surgery followed by unparalleled aftercare.

© Germanten Hospitals.