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What Are The Various Types Of Orthopaedic Surgeries?

what are the various types of orhopedic surgeries

What Are The Various Types Of Orthopaedic Surgeries?

The battle of dealing with persistent orthopaedic pain is tiresome. It drains your energy and makes it difficult to carry out regular activities. Surgeries serve as a ray of hope and are effective in improving your condition. There are different types of orthopedic surgery to combat pain and provide relief.

The Top 10 Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries:

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction Surgery 

    The ACL is a major ligament that provides stability to the joint. The reconstruction surgery is performed to heal the torn ACL. During the surgery, a portion of the tendon is taken from another body part and is used as a graft. You can follow the RICE technique after the surgery. The RICE technique consists of Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. It is one of the common orthopedic procedures to treat torn ligaments.

  • Knee Replacement Surgery 

    The damaged knee cartilage can lead to restricted motion. You need to undergo partial or total knee replacement surgery in case of damaged cartilage. The cartilage can get damaged due to repetitive movements, trauma, and obesity. There are two types of knee replacement surgery. The first one is total knee replacement surgery, in which an artificial knee replaces the entire knee joint. The other one is partial knee replacement surgery, in which the damaged part is removed and replaced with a metal component.

  • Shoulder Replacement Surgery 

    Shoulder replacement surgery is an orthopedic surgery procedure to treat the damaged shoulder. The top portion of the upper arm bone is replaced with a metal ball, and the injured socket is replaced with a plastic prosthesis. The rotator cuff holds everything in place. In case of a damaged rotator cuff, the surgeon performs a reverse shoulder replacement surgery.

  • Hip Replacement Surgery 

    The hip is connected by a ball and socket joint. In a healthy hip, the ball and socket fit appropriately to ensure easy and smooth movement. In an unhealthy hip joint, the movement is restricted and painful. There are two approaches followed by a surgeon to treat an unhealthy hip joint. The traditional approach involves replacing the entire ball and socket joint with a plastic or metal prosthesis. In the Birmingham hip resurfacing, the damaged portion is replaced with a prosthesis.

  • Knee Arthroscopy 

    It is one of the types of orthopedic surgery in which a surgeon requires a camera. In a knee arthroscopy procedure, a camera is inserted into your knee joint to look at the damage. The camera is attached with different instruments, and the image is projected on a screen. The surgeon looks at the picture and carries out the operation using small tools. Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery.

  • Shoulder Arthroscopy 

    The process is identical to knee arthroscopy. The only difference is that the shoulder arthroscopy is performed on your shoulder. A camera is inserted into the shoulder to take the images, and the images are used to understand the issue.

  • Ankle Repair 

    Ankle repair surgery is mandatory in the case of unstable ankle joints. It can happen after a fracture when the bones are not aligned properly. The surgery helps align the bones, and they are held at their position with the help of implants. You need to wear a cast or boots after the surgery.

  • Spinal Surgeries 

    In the case of spinal injuries, the orthopedic surgical procedures list is long. However, spinal fusion, diskectomy, kyphoplasty, and laminectomy are the common spinal surgeries that improve the condition of a damaged spine.

  • Joint Fusion 

    Joint fusion is surgery for arthritis prone people. It is a common surgery on the orthopedic surgeries list. The damaged cartilage is removed and replaced with a graft. The bones are fixed together to provide stability. The surgery can be performed on the spine, ankle, fingers, and feet.


  • Trigger Finger Release 

    A trigger finger occurs when the finger’s tendons are damaged, and the protective layer of the fingers are injured. As a result, it becomes difficult to extend your fingers fully, and you may experience pain. There are three surgeries to correct trigger fingers which are performed under local anaesthesia.

These are the most common operations on the orthopedic operation list. You may contact Germanten Hospital as we perform these operations and provide effective results. 


Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 


Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients.