Most Advanced and Safest Knee Replacement for Your Loved Ones
Knee replacement or knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure used for resurfacing a knee that is damaged by arthritis. Plastic or metal parts are used for capping the ends forming the joint and the kneecap. It is the best procedure for someone who has severe knee injury or severe arthritis and hasn’t gotten any relief from any other form of treatment.
There are different forms of arthritis that might affect the knee joint. In middle-aged and older adults, the most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that breaks down the adjacent bone and joint cartilage in the knees. Another form of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis that causes synovial membrane inflammation resulting in an excessive amount of synovial fluid that leads to stiffness and pain. The aim of the knee replacement surgery is to resurface the parts of the joint that have been affected and relieve the pain that is unmanageable by other treatments. Here are some other medical treatments that can be used for treating a degenerative joint disease:
● Anti-inflammatory medications
● Assistive devices for walking
● Cortisone injections into the knee joint
● Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
● Limiting painful activities
● Pain medications
● Physical therapy
● Viscosupplementation injections
● Weight loss
There are two types of spine surgeries – open or conventional and keyhole or minimal access
surgery. Some spinal conditions like tumours and disc problems can be treated using minimally
invasive spine surgery or spine keyhole surgery.
If none of the above-mentioned treatments work, the doctor will recommend a knee replacement surgery.
Before the procedure, the doctor will perform a physical examination to make sure that you are in proper health before the procedure. These might also include diagnostic tests like X-rays and blood tests. Make sure that you ask all questions that you have regarding the procedure. Also, notify the doctor about any allergy or sensitivity to certain medications, anesthetic agents, or latex tape. You need to inform your doctor if you are taking any blood-thinning medications, prescribed or over-the-counter medications, herbal supplements, etc. Based on your specific medical condition, the doctor might request some specific preparation.
The knee replacement procedure requires you to stay in the hospital, depending on your condition and the procedure. Here are the steps that will be involved in your procedure:
● The nurse will ask you to remove your clothing and give you a gown to change.
● Next, an intravenous (IV) line will be placed in your hand or arm and you will be
asked to lay down on the operating table.
● The doctor will insert the urinary catheter. The excessive hair present at the
surgical site will be clipped off.
● An anesthesiologist will monitor your blood pressure, blood oxygen, and heart rate
during the procedure.
● An antiseptic solution will be used for cleaning the skin over the site of surgery.
● The doctor will make a small incision in the knee area and remove the knee joint’s
● The damaged surfaces will be resurfaced with the prosthesis. This prosthesis will
be made up of plastic and metal. A cemented prosthesis is the most common kind
of artificial knee prosthesis. Uncemented prosthesis are not usually used anymore.
When the doctor uses a cemented prosthesis, it is attached to the bone using
surgical cement whereas an uncemented prosthesis is attached to the bone through
a porous surface. Sometimes, the 2 types are combined for replacing the knee.
There are three components of a prosthesis. The first one is the tibial component
that is used for resurfacing the top of the shin bone or tibia. The second one is the
femoral or thigh bone components that resurface the thigh bone's end. The last one
is the patellar component used for resurfacing the kneecap’s bottom rubbing
against the thigh bone.
● Once the prosthesis is in position, the doctor will close the incision using surgical
staples of stitches. A drain will also be placed at the incision site for removing
● Lastly, a sterile dressing or bandage will be applied at the incision site.
Once the surgery is completed, you will be kept under observation until your breathing, pulse, and blood pressure are stable. After that, you will be shifted to your hospital room. You will have to stay at the hospital for a couple of days after your knee replacement procedure.
It is important that you start moving your new joint after the procedure. You have to consult a physiotherapist soon after the surgery and have them create an exercise program for you. Physical therapy can be started by using a Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) machine that moves the new joint through its range of motion. You will be given some pain medications to help you with pain so that you can start exercising. After you have been discharged, you need to continue physical therapy until you have a good range of motion and regain muscle strength.
At Germanten Hospital, we ensure that our patients have access to the safest and most advanced knee replacement procedure. Germanten is the largest hospital in Hyderabad that focuses on orthopedics trauma, joint replacements, sports injuries, and spine surgeries. We offer a wide range of operative and nonoperative treatment options. In 2019, Times of India graded it as the Best Emerging Orthopedic Hospital. It also was named the Best Orthopedic Hospital in South India by Economic Times 2021.
Germanten Hospital is a 200+ bedded NABH-accredited hospital and is equipped with German Precision Technology. We follow strict protocols to ensure that you and your loved ones have access to the highest quality healthcare facilities in the country. An example of this includes our high advanced Laminar flow Operation Theatres that ensure zero infection. Special anesthesia will be used during the procedure so that you remain free of pain. We also have special DVT pumps for preventing blood stasis-related complications. All patients undergoing the knee replacement procedure will have access to our expert physiotherapy team that will help them get early mobility. Through our stringent protocols and German standards, we assure that our patients have a successful and safe knee replacement procedure the results of which lasts for life.
The orthopedic team at the hospital is led by Dr. Mir Jawad Khan who has more than 20 years of experience in the field. He was awarded the title of Best Doctor by Shri Roshaiah Garu (Ex-CM of Joint Andhra Pradesh & Former Governor Tamilnadu) in 2018. In 2019, he was honoured with the Vaida Ratna Award by the Honourable Health Minister of Telangana, Shree Etala Rajendra.
So, if you have chronic knee pain and haven’t gotten any relief from nonsurgical treatments, you need to book a consultation appointment at Germanten Hospital to know if the knee replacement procedure is the right option for you or not.