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What causes muscle cramps?

what causes of muscle cramps

What causes muscle cramps?

If you want to know the reasons, you must understand that muscle cramps cause throbbing pain in the legs, feet, and stomach. These cramps may occur anywhere on your body but are primarily observed during the menstrual cycle. Moreover, they also occur due to digestive disorders. The pain is temporary and usually goes on its own. However, if the pain persists, you may try home remedies to ease the symptoms.

But why do you witness muscle cramps? What is the reason for muscle cramps and throbbing pain in your body?

Muscle cramps occur due to sudden contraction in the body parts. As your body cannot control this contraction, you experience sudden pain. However, this pain is temporary and may range between a few seconds to a few minutes. You may feel that your muscles have become tight, and the over contraction in the muscle groups may cause pain. Moreover, you may observe a hard knot on the tissue. 

What is the main cause of muscle cramps?

It is challenging to understand the exact cause of a muscle cramp. Sometimes, a cramp may appear normal, but it can affect your emotional and physical state. For example, women usually develop period cramps because the uterus muscles contract during the menstrual cycle. It causes excruciating pain in the abdomen, thighs, back, and legs. Moreover, your calves also develop throbbing pain. As you use your calves throughout the day, you may experience cramping. 

What is the exact cause of muscle cramps?

The exact causes of muscle cramps are still unknown. Many times a muscle or group of muscles start cramping. However, they return to their normal position after some time. If you experience muscle pain for long hours, you may consult a doctor at Germanten Hospitals. 

Potential causes of temporary cramping 

Temporary cramping may result from:

  • Overusing a muscle
  • Minor dehydration
  • Staying in a particular position for extended periods
  • Using muscle or muscle groups without proper stretching

These reasons may lead to muscle cramps. However, you can relax your muscles by doing light stretches and keeping yourself hydrated. 

Other reasons for muscle cramps include:

  • Muscle loss from ageing
    If you have crossed your mid-age, your body may change its functioning. Moreover, the muscle groups may not work efficiently. So you may develop frequent crampings at old age. The general muscle loss due to ageing is also known as sarcopenia.
  • Other underlying issues
    Muscle cramps may result from underlying conditions, including:
  • Lack of electrolytes or minerals in the body
  • Compressed nerves
  • Low blood supply
  • Thyroid conditions
  • Diabetes
  • Cirrhosis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Kidney failure
  • Pregnancy issues
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

These conditions may cause cramps in different muscle groups. 

  • Night cramps
    You may develop cramps while sleeping. It may occur because of keeping your legs in a similar position for an extended period. Moreover, awkwardly folding your legs can also cause cramps during the night.
  • Period cramps
    People who menstruate may develop period cramps during their periods. Some people may develop cramps before the onset of the monthly cycle. However, the intensity of cramps may vary. For example, some menstruators experience heaviness in the abdomen, while others may experience severe pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic region. Moreover, period pain may also result from contraction in the uterus. The uterus contracts to shed its lining, which is then flushed out of the body through the vagina.


As cramps are majorly temporary, you do not require specific treatments. However, in severe cases, you may get relief from pain medications. Moreover, home remedies can also ease cramps and their symptoms. 

Gentle stretches can also relieve pain and suffering. You may also get relief by applying pressure on the pain points. Moreover, deep tissue massage on the affected area can also reduce the symptoms. In addition, you may try a warm compress to relax the strained or overused muscles. You may also step into a warm shower to loosen the tensed muscles. Some people get comfort by altering between warm and cold compress. 

These tips may control excessive pain during cramping. However, if you want to diagnose your condition, you may contact Germanten Hospitals. Our experts will help you understand the causes of frequent muscle cramps.

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