Orthopedic Archives - Germanten Hospital

Tag: Orthopedic

20 Mar 2022
how do i know my elbow injury is serious

How Do I know If My Elbow Injury Is Serious?

Despite being a small joint, the elbow is an integral part of our body. It is a composite joint consisting of cartilage, ligaments, fluid, muscles, tendons and bones. It helps us to execute different activities like rotation, extension or flexing and sometimes a combination of all these movements. Due to the ability of our elbow to perform several activities at the same time, it becomes difficult to detect exactly which movement is causing the elbow to hurt. It is also difficult to identify when the situation is serious enough to get medical help. Here is a detailed guide so that it becomes easier for you to identify the problem and treat it accordingly. 

Signs and symptoms of elbow injury: 

Our elbow does not undergo any problems like arthritis. The factors which are likely to cause pain in your elbows include constant movement in the parts of the body like the arm, hands or wrists. It can be due to performing activities like sports, exercises or various other work. The injuries which are caused due to activities such as these are known as overuse injuries. 

Some symptoms of elbow injury are:

  • Experiencing pain while performing activities like throwing after using your elbow to do it. 
  • Decrease in the strength or flexibility of your elbow or arm. 
  • Stiffness of your elbow. 
  • Experiencing pain while making a fist. 
  • Deformity in the elbow is visible. 
  • Feeling a sensation of numbness or tingling in the elbow, arms, wrist or hands. 

If you feel significant pain in your elbows while moving, then you should consider seeking medical treatment. At Germanten Hospital, we have expert doctors who diagnose the cause of pain and treat you accordingly. 

Elbow injuries and causes of elbow pain: 

The factors that are responsible for injuries occurring in the elbows are trauma or overuse. Wear and tear may also be a cause of injury, but it generally does not happen. Here are some kinds of common elbow injuries and reasons causing them:

  • If you break or fracture your elbow: It can cause pain, and you will be able to see the deformity on the elbow as well. 
  • If you dislocate your elbow: It occurs when your forearm or upper arm bones are dislocated with each other, causing the elbow to move out of place. 
  • If you sprain your elbow or injure the elbow due to stretched ligament
  • If you experience tendonitis or swelling of the tendons and connective tissues in the elbow
  • Bursitis or swelling of the elbow joint. 
  • Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury occurs due to overuse and results in a frayed, torn or loose elbow ligament. 
  • Lateral Epicondylitis or swelling of the tendons which connect the muscles of the forearm to the elbow. 
  • Valgus Extension Overload, leading to the deterioration of the cartilages abnormally and a bone spur. 
  • Osteoarthritis or when the cartilage of the elbow wears out or is damaged. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis or swelling of the elbow joint. 
  • Decreased blood supply results in the cracking, separating or loosening of bones. 
  • If the bones, tendons, muscles put too much pressure on the nerves of the elbow. 
  • Too much pressure on the ulnar nerve near the elbow. 

If you experience any of these conditions, then connect to Germanten Hospital to get it treated. 

How to manage an elbow injury at home

Most times, the elbow injury can be treated at home and does require medical treatment. However, make sure that your elbow is not exposed to further damage. RICE is the best method to treat an elbow injury. 

  • Rest: Get some rest.
  • Ice: Apply ice thrice a day for 20 minutes. 
  • Compression: Compress the area with a bandage to reduce swelling. 
  • Elevation: Keep your elbow elevated. 

When to contact a doctor for an elbow injury?

You should visit a doctor if you observe a bone protruding out or a deformity. You may contact a doctor if:

  • The pain is unbearable and persistent.
  • Swelling around the elbow. 
  • Persistent redness and bruising. 
  • Limited flexibility. 
  • If the RICE method is not working.

If you are wondering, “how do I know if my elbow injury is serious?” then try the RICE method to see if the pain subsides. If not, then seek medical help at Germanten Hospital

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

06 Mar 2022
What are the symptoms of a fractured ankle

What are the symptoms of a fractured ankle?

Fractured Ankles

Ankle injuries are very common bone and joint injuries. An emergency such as a higher degree of pain, the inability to walk, or concern that bone may be broken may warrant an immediate need for medical attention. Often, the doctor’s primary concern is the same as yours. Is the bone broken? 

A sprain, dislocation or a tendon injury can be diagnosed easily. However, it is impossible to diagnose a broken bone or fracture without an X-ray of the ankle. 

The ankle joint is structured of 3 bones: tibia, fibula and talus. The tibia is on the inside and is the main bone of the lower leg. The fibula is parallel to the tibia but is smaller in size. It makes up the outside of the ankle joint. The far ends of the tibia and fibula are known as the malleoli (singular, malleolus). The tibia and fibula form an arch on top of the talus, the third bone.

The joint is encased with a fibrous membrane called the joint capsule. It is also lined with a smoother layer called the synovium. The synovium produces the synovial fluid, filling joint capsule and ensuring smooth movement of the joint surfaces. Several ligaments hold the bones in place and stabilise the ankle joint. 

Causes Of Ankle Fractures

Fractures occurring with simultaneous tears of the ligaments can be caused in several ways:

  • Twisting the ankle
  • Rolling the ankle
  • Applying severe force to the joint like jumping from a high level
  • Flexing or extending the joint

The ankle joint is injured when you stress joint beyond the strength of its elements. Your ankle is sprained if only the ligaments give way and tear. However, if a bone gives way and breaks, you have an ankle fracture.

Symptoms Of Ankle Fracture

Here are a few symptoms of an ankle injury or fracture:

  • Severe pain, which is often unbearable. The pain does not arise from exact area of the fracture. The pain in the ankle makes you unable to walk or stand up.
  • You may experience fractures of your foot, especially on the side of the small toe or the knee, that also causes pain.
  • Swelling due to soft tissue damage with possible blood around the joint. It may also be caused by fluid, most likely blood, within the joint itself. Blood in the joint is called hemarthrosis.
  • Black and blue bruising can be seen around the joint gradually. The bruising can track down toward the sole of your foot or the toes.
  • In severe fractures, you may see clear deformities of bones around the ankle, or you may see exposed bone. An underlying broken bone may stretch the skin over it.

If the blood vessels or nerves in your foot get injured, you may feel even more significant pain. It also comes with pale skin, numbness, or inability to move feet or toes.

When to Seek Medical Care

Several criteria can determine an emergency in an ankle injury case. The following symptoms are a few of them that can help you determine whether your injury is an emergency case or not:

  • You can’t bear weight on the ankle.
  • You experience severe pain, which is intolerable, despite taking pain medications.
  • Home remedies cannot reduce the pain. 
  • Gross deformity of the ankle bones
  • Bones visible outside the skin
  • Inability to move your toes and ankles at all
  • Partial or complete numbness in the ankle
  • Cold or blue foot

If you suffer from any of the symptoms mentioned above or signs, you should contact your doctor and seek medical aid as soon as possible.

Exams and Tests

Like you, your doctor’s main concern while evaluating your ankle is to determine if you have a broken or fractured ankle. They also determine if your joint has been damaged enough to become unstable. Joint instability can mean multiple fractures, a fracture with a ligament injury, or a ligament injury alone. They may need to conduct X-rays, CT scans and other imaging tests for the best diagnosis. They will be able to determine the degree of damage to your ankles.

If you want more info about ankle fractures, get in touch with the experts at Germanten Hospital via www.germantenhospitals.com

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Jawad achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the Germany. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaidya Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

27 Feb 2022
How to prevent rotator cuff injury

How to prevent rotator cuff injury?

Torn rotator cuff injury is one of the most common injuries people visit an orthopaedic doctor. Patients of this injury are usually either 60 or are athletes (as they are more vulnerable to injuries and incidents). In rotator cuff injury, the mass of tendons and muscles firmly (holding the upper arm ball in the shoulder socket) is torn. These muscles and tendons provide flexibility to the arm in the shoulder joint. But you need to be careful, as injury may eventually result in degeneration of the shoulder joint.

Rotator Cuff Injury Causes

It is said that “Prevention is better than cure.”. So you may want to understand common causes of rotator cuff injuries, like your profession or recreational activities. That way, you may be able to prevent them.

  • Overhead activities:  Doing some simple tasks like raising your hand to change the lightbulb may put a strain on your shoulder joint. You don’t have to be a Yankees’ pitcher to experience rotator cuff injuries due to throwing a ball. A rotator cuff is a bunch of tendons and muscles that attach to the bones of your shoulder joint, which may get strained by these activities. 

A few of the common overhead activities that may lead to shoulder pain and injury are as follows:

  • Hammering a nail into the wall
  • Serving a tennis ball
  • Playing games like volleyball or basketball
  • Lifting or placing an object on a high shelf
  • Doing construction work
  • Painting a wall or ceiling
  • Repetitive overhead arm motions

The overuse of your rotator cuff muscles can lead to tears and strains. In addition, it may cause dull aches or even result in intense shoulder pain over time.

  • Age and degeneration: Several rotator cuff injuries are caused due to ageing. Hence, it is said that age plays a major risk factor. You are 5 times more susceptible to injury if you are over 60 years old than in your younger years.

Other factors that may cause you to suffer from a rotator cuff tear are smoking, having high cholesterol, arthritis, or diabetes. If you have persistent pain in your shoulder, you may be inflicted with a rotator cuff injury due to the cause mentioned above.

How to prevent rotator cuff injury?

You may have heard a saying: Prevention is always better than cure. 

So here are a few ways you can prevent getting a rotator cuff tear:

  • Exercise the Shoulders Regularly: Regular and gentle arm exercises help prevent a rotator cuff tear. Exercises can help strengthen the muscles and tissues that make up rotator cuff. Light exercise that hardly takes a few minutes can be done throughout the day. Raise your arms above your head and cup your hands together. Then, keep your hands high and rotate your hands and wrists loosely to help boost the circulation. Also, you can reach your arm over your head to the other side and hold for a few seconds.

The advantages of these exercises are that they can be done anywhere, even while sitting at your desk. In addition, these exercises can help you stretch and strengthen your shoulder muscles and prevent other arm-related issues, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.

  • Warm-Up Before Exercise:
    Another step that helps is to warm up before exercising. If you are an athlete or play tennis, golf, or another sport that can strain your shoulders, you must always warm-up before you play. Warm-ups like stretching out the shoulder muscles should be done before starting any exercise, sports or physical activities. It will help you to prevent a rotator cuff injury.
  • Mind Your Posture:
    You should be aware of your body posture. Sitting erect and standing erect is important to keep the shoulder blades straight. If you tend to lean forward or push your head forward, then hunch forward to change the position of your shoulder blades. Bad body posture can make you more prone to rotator cuff tears and lead to shoulder injuries. 

Do you want to steer clear of the rotator cuff injuries? Then you may follow the approaches mentioned above. If you want more information on how you can avoid rotator cuff injury, get in touch with the experts at Germanten Hospital via www.germantenhospitals.com

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

13 Feb 2022
what causes of muscle cramps

What causes muscle cramps?

If you want to know the reasons, you must understand that muscle cramps cause throbbing pain in the legs, feet, and stomach. These cramps may occur anywhere on your body but are primarily observed during the menstrual cycle. Moreover, they also occur due to digestive disorders. The pain is temporary and usually goes on its own. However, if the pain persists, you may try home remedies to ease the symptoms.

But why do you witness muscle cramps? What is the reason for muscle cramps and throbbing pain in your body?

Muscle cramps occur due to sudden contraction in the body parts. As your body cannot control this contraction, you experience sudden pain. However, this pain is temporary and may range between a few seconds to a few minutes. You may feel that your muscles have become tight, and the over contraction in the muscle groups may cause pain. Moreover, you may observe a hard knot on the tissue. 

What is the main cause of muscle cramps?

It is challenging to understand the exact cause of a muscle cramp. Sometimes, a cramp may appear normal, but it can affect your emotional and physical state. For example, women usually develop period cramps because the uterus muscles contract during the menstrual cycle. It causes excruciating pain in the abdomen, thighs, back, and legs. Moreover, your calves also develop throbbing pain. As you use your calves throughout the day, you may experience cramping. 

What is the exact cause of muscle cramps?

The exact causes of muscle cramps are still unknown. Many times a muscle or group of muscles start cramping. However, they return to their normal position after some time. If you experience muscle pain for long hours, you may consult a doctor at Germanten Hospitals. 

Potential causes of temporary cramping 

Temporary cramping may result from:

  • Overusing a muscle
  • Minor dehydration
  • Staying in a particular position for extended periods
  • Using muscle or muscle groups without proper stretching

These reasons may lead to muscle cramps. However, you can relax your muscles by doing light stretches and keeping yourself hydrated. 

Other reasons for muscle cramps include:

  • Muscle loss from ageing
    If you have crossed your mid-age, your body may change its functioning. Moreover, the muscle groups may not work efficiently. So you may develop frequent crampings at old age. The general muscle loss due to ageing is also known as sarcopenia.
  • Other underlying issues
    Muscle cramps may result from underlying conditions, including:
  • Lack of electrolytes or minerals in the body
  • Compressed nerves
  • Low blood supply
  • Thyroid conditions
  • Diabetes
  • Cirrhosis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Kidney failure
  • Pregnancy issues
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

These conditions may cause cramps in different muscle groups. 

  • Night cramps
    You may develop cramps while sleeping. It may occur because of keeping your legs in a similar position for an extended period. Moreover, awkwardly folding your legs can also cause cramps during the night.
  • Period cramps
    People who menstruate may develop period cramps during their periods. Some people may develop cramps before the onset of the monthly cycle. However, the intensity of cramps may vary. For example, some menstruators experience heaviness in the abdomen, while others may experience severe pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic region. Moreover, period pain may also result from contraction in the uterus. The uterus contracts to shed its lining, which is then flushed out of the body through the vagina.

Treatment 

As cramps are majorly temporary, you do not require specific treatments. However, in severe cases, you may get relief from pain medications. Moreover, home remedies can also ease cramps and their symptoms. 

Gentle stretches can also relieve pain and suffering. You may also get relief by applying pressure on the pain points. Moreover, deep tissue massage on the affected area can also reduce the symptoms. In addition, you may try a warm compress to relax the strained or overused muscles. You may also step into a warm shower to loosen the tensed muscles. Some people get comfort by altering between warm and cold compress. 

These tips may control excessive pain during cramping. However, if you want to diagnose your condition, you may contact Germanten Hospitals. Our experts will help you understand the causes of frequent muscle cramps.

For an Appointments call: 9000900937

visit : www.germantenhospitals.com

08 Jan 2022
How to Relieve Sore Muscles?

How to Relieve Sore Muscles?

Your muscles may become sore after rigorous physical activities. As a result, you may feel uncomfortable and lose interest in everything. You may try gentle stretching, muscle massage, rest, and ice and heat compression to get relief during such times. 

If you want to remain fit, you must follow an active lifestyle. Muscle soreness is part of your fitness and nothing to worry about. However, you may control the discomfort by following these tips:

  • Warm-up
    If you are constantly worrying about sore muscles, you may try warm-ups to get some relief. Warming up increases the blood flow in the muscles and prevents soreness. You may try spot jumping, rope skipping, and slow jogging to provide warmth to your muscles.
  • Drink water
    Lack of water may cause dehydration, and as a result, you may develop muscle cramps, dizziness, and other complications. On the other hand, drinking water helps your body maintain its average temperature. Moreover, water enriches your body with essential nutrients. Therefore, try drinking more water to add vital nutrients and prevent cramps and soreness.
  • Limited rest
    Do not work on the same muscle groups every day. For improved results, wait for 48 hours before working on the same muscle groups. However, do not rest for a whole day or stop your workouts. You may alter the exercises each day instead. For example, if you develop muscle cramps after running, you may try slow walks.
  • Use proper technique
    Do not start exercise randomly. You must know the proper techniques for performing the exercises. If you do not know the correct methods, you may repeatedly develop muscle soreness. Ask for help from your trainer to learn the proper ways of lifting weights, stretching, cardio and various other exercises. Moreover, ask them to help you while using various gym equipment.
  • Cooldown
    After exercising, perform light stretches to cool down your muscles. When the muscles are warm, they become more flexible. When you stretch the muscles after workouts, it circulates the blood away from the muscles and prevents muscle soreness. So, how to help sore muscles? Try to cool down your body after rigorous activities.
  • Stay within limits.
    Do not push your boundaries unnecessarily. Instead, start slow and try to give more time to your body. Over time, you may increase intensity. However, lifting heavy weights at the start can cause injuries to your muscles.

Try these tips to get relief from sore and aching muscles. 

How to reduce muscle soreness? Things to consider!

Muscle soreness is a part of your fitness routine. After workouts, the muscles grow strong and help you achieve the highest activity levels. However, you may hurt your joints, tendons, and ligaments in the process. If you develop pain near a joint, it may indicate a severe injury. 

If you have developed muscle pain and soreness, you may adopt the RICE technique. It refers to providing proper rest, using ice and compression, and elevating the sore muscles to prevent further injuries. 

You may try the following:

  • Use ice packs or take a cold shower to soothe the inflamed muscles. You may use ice on the affected area for up to three days after developing sore muscles. 
  • Try to wrap your injuries using a bandage to get relief. It will reduce the swelling and bruising from rigorous activities. 
  • Raise your injury above your heart level. You can elevate the injured area for 2-3 hours every day for effective results.
  • If the injury is intense, you can rest for 1-2 days. 

If the RICE technique does not give you the desired results, you must contact your doctor. Seek medical attention if:

  • You do not observe any improvement in a week.
  • The pain becomes unbearable, and you cannot move. 
  • The pain increases after exercising. 
  • The pain results in dizziness or troubled breathing. 
  • You observe redness, swelling, and warmth in the affected muscle. 
  • The pain travels to your joints, tendons, and bones. 

Maintain a healthy diet to provide strength to your muscles. For example, try to include more proteins in your diet as it is essential for muscle growth and can nourish your muscles. In addition, if you want more tips on how to relieve sore muscles fast, you may contact Germanten Hospitals. 

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

05 Dec 2021
What Causes Knee Pain After Running?

What Causes Knee Pain After Running?

Is knee pain because of running a common problem? You have no reason to worry if you suffer from knee pain after running. It is commonly dismissed as a ‘runner’s knee’, but it is vital to understand and treat the cause to avoid long-term injury. Now depending on how severe the pain is, you might need a doctor. With the following information, you can determine the cause of pain and get back on track.

IT Band Syndrome (Side Knee Pain)

Iliotibial band syndrome can lead to sharp and stabbing pain outside your knee. It is a common injury amongst runners and leads to knee pain after running. The iliotibial band tissue stabilises  knee and hip when you run. 

  • Causes
    The tightening of the tensor fascia shortens it and puts pressure on the IT band. The outside of the knee can become inflamed, or the band might get irritated, leading to pain. Running on a banked surface, insufficient warm-up or cool-down, and physical abnormalities can cause ITBS.

Runner’s Knee (Kneecap Pain)

Runner’s knee refers to the pain in front of the knee or behind the kneecap. It is also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome or anterior knee syndrome. The condition can worsen due to running downhill, squatting, climbing stairs or sitting for an extended period. 

  • Causes
    The structural problems with the knee joint can be one of them. Other reasons include weak muscles, tight hamstrings, tight Achilles tendon or IT band, overtraining, poor foot support and misaligned gait patterns. The quadriceps are responsible for holding the knee in place to allow smooth up and down motion. The weakness in quads or thigh muscles, the knee can slightly move left and right.

Jumper’s Knee (Kneecap to Shinbone Pain)

Patellar tendinitis is an injury that causes pain from the top of the kneecap to the shinbone. People with a jumper’s knee can have pain, tenderness and swelling near the area where the shinbone meets the kneecap. In the early stages, you might feel it only while running. However, as it gets worse, you can feel the pain even when you are not exercising. 

  • Causes
    The tendon connects the kneecap to the shinbone and helps the extension of lower leg. Initially, it causes weakness in the tendon. However, if left untreated, it can cause tiny tears.

Meniscus Tear (All-over the knee pain)

Two wedge-shaped pieces of cartilage that absorb shocks between the femur and tibia are the meniscus. It can cause knee pain after jogging or running. Changing the direction suddenly while running or a sudden twist in the knee can cause a meniscus tear. Older runners have higher chance of experiencing knee joint pain after running due to the condition.  

  • Causes
    The older runners often injure the inside of the knee rather than outside of the knee. General knee pain, swollen knee, popping feeling during the injury, stiffness, feeling as if the knee is locked in a place, and challenges while bending or straightening the leg are commonly seen symptoms.

Bursitis (Inner side knee pain)

Knee bursitis causes pain over the top of your kneecaps or on the inner side of the knee. It is an inflammation of the bursa, which is near the knee joint. 

  • Causes
    A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that reduces friction and cushions the points between the bones, joints, tendons and muscles. Unfortunately, runner’s can overuse the pes anserine bursa that leads to pain and inflammation.

Swollen bursa usually causes the affected region to feel warm, tender or swollen when pressure is applied. Moving or resting can as well be painful. Climbing the stairs might be challenging. 

Baker’s Cyst (Back of the knee)

It is also known as a popliteal synovial cyst, and it is the swelling at the back of the knee. Again, the pain might be there, but more prominently, you feel tightness or stiffness in the area with a sensation of fullness. 

  • Causes
    Meniscus tears or osteoarthritis can be the cause of these cysts. Baker’s cysts are not usually related to running. However, the condition results from an underlying issue, so runner’s might develop a cyst.

Therefore, if you are a victim of knee pain while jogging or running, get a doctor’s advice today!

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery.

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad  was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

31 Oct 2021
Shoulder dislocation

How Do I Know If My Shoulder Is Dislocated?

Shoulder dislocation is an injury of your upper arm bone coming out of the shoulder socket. It is quite a common orthopaedic injury. One of the most common shoulder joint dislocation symptoms is a sharp, sometimes unbearable pain and an immediate loss of movement and flexibility. Your shoulder can dislocate forwards, backwards or downwards. It can be either completely dislocated (upper arm bone entirely out of the shoulder socket) or partially dislocated (the arm bone being partly out of the socket). 

Your shoulder is one of the strongest joints in your body, so it will take quite a force to dislocate it. You might endure a shoulder dislocation due to a direct impact in sports, an accident, or even moving it too far beyond the flexibility (like twisting, pulling or swinging your arm too far).

So if there are any signs of your shoulder being dislocated, you might want to visit a hospital immediately. Delaying or not having proper care may result in significant joint damage that may leave you vulnerable to weakness, instability and similar dislocations in the future. 

Signs And Symptoms Of Shoulder Dislocation

Dislocation is a serious but one of the most common injuries related to the shoulder. An immediate symptom of almost any orthopaedic injury is pain. Other than pain, the symptoms you may experience are as follows:

  • Not being able to bear even light weights on the affected shoulder
  • Bruising, swelling and tenderness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Not being able to move the shoulder 
  • Shoulder being visibly out of shape
  • Weak and numb shoulder with a tingling sensation

If you experience these dislocated shoulder symptoms, you might want to consult the doctor immediately before it causes permanent damage to the surrounding muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels and nerves.

What Are The Next Steps?

Seek immediate medical attention if you have endured a partial or complete dislocation in your shoulder. Try not to move your shoulder joint and fabricate a rudimentary sling or brace out of a cloth or string to hold your arm and keep your shoulder immobile. Remember not to try putting the joint back into the socket, as you may make things even worse. It can induce further damage to your soft tissues. Instead, apply ice on the joint to reduce the swelling and pain until the doctor sees you. 

An X-ray may be performed to see the extent of dislocation and damage to your joint. According to that, the doctor will try and relocate the shoulder back in the socket. During the procedure, the doctor may administer local anaesthesia and muscle relaxers to ensure there is no pain and the process is as smooth as possible. 

The pain will be reduced (not completely alleviated) as soon as the shoulder is back in the socket. The doctor may consider surgery depending upon the extent of dislocation and damage to the surrounding soft tissues.

Recovery Options

Here are few recovery measures presented to you by the doctor in case of shoulder dislocation:

  • Brace or sling: To keep it as immobile as possible, you may be prescribed a brace or sling. It will result in a faster recovery, so you will be able to return to your daily activities with a full recovery well in time. 
  • Rehabilitation: After your shoulder has recovered, the doctor may prescribe physiotherapy to get the movement ability and flexibility back.
  • Rest and ice: You might want to stay off the exercises and other strenuous activities to prevent any additional load on the shoulder. Also, ice will help you alleviate a bit of the pain and swelling.
  • Medications: OTC painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed after the procedure.

The doctor will recommend the medications and therapies according to the extent of damage endured by your shoulder.

Prevention Of Dislocations

Here are a few preventive techniques:

  • Wear protective gear while playing sports or riding a motorcycle to prevent any accidents.
  • Stretch properly before workouts and playing sports.
  • Take proper rest until you make a full recovery.
  • Perform strength and conditioning exercises.

If you have any questions or queries regarding shoulder dislocation and its symptoms, you might want to consider consulting with the experts at Germanten hospital. So book your appointment with us today!

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Jawadachieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

09 Oct 2021
How-Long-Does-It-Take-For-Sprained-Ankle-To-Recover.

How Long Does It Take For Sprained Ankle To Recover?

Sprained Ankle Recovery Time 

Having an ankle sprain is quite a common medical affliction around the world. However, when it comes to recovery time, everyone will have a different experience. For example, a twisted ankle can have a healing time of around 2 to 3 weeks if the sprain is mild, and the pain can last up to 4-5 months if the sprain is severe. 

Doctors come across several ankle sprain patients every day. It is one of the most common and inevitable structural injuries encountered by people of every age. Everyone gets an ankle sprain at least once, and if you live an active lifestyle, you are bound to experience it multiple times. Healing of every type of sprain requires different intensities of attention and care in different patients. It means that your twisted or rolled ankle recovery time might vary from other people. The time duration for healing will also vary according to the cause of the sprain and its extent. 

If the sprain is mild or even moderate, you can treat it right at your home with remedies like the RICE method. First off, if you are looking for a mild ankle sprain recovery time as short as it can be, you should sit down and take the pressure off your ankle. Then, wrap it with compression and elevate it over the position of your heart. Further movement after the sprain will only damage your muscles.

As mentioned earlier, the sprained ankle healing time depends upon the type of sprain you have suffered. Here are the types of ankle sprains:

  • Grade 1 Sprain: It is a minor type of sprain that occurs when you stretch your muscles while performing the daily routine or light activities like walking or jogging. You will feel a little pain and swelling (in some instances) due to stretching in your muscles, but it will not hinder your physical abilities. The grade 1 sprain due to injuries like twisted ankle will have a recovery time of around two weeks. But it can go for over a month if you don’t take precautions. Home treatment will be enough for a grade 1 sprain. But do not mistake home treatment for “nothing”. Otherwise, the negligible pain can become unbearable in no time. The most important thing you need to remember while in recovery is to stay off your ankle. 
  • Grade 2 Sprain: As the name suggests, the grade 2 sprain is more severe than the grade 1 sprain but is better than the grade 3 sprain. In case of this type of sprain, you will immediately see swelling along with a bruise following soon after. In case of a grade 2 sprain, you will experience moderate pain and swelling in the joint, along with a general instability in your body. Although you might not want to walk or move when you have a sprain, there is a good chance that you will stumble or will be unable to walk if you try to. A grade 2 sprain due to a rolled ankle might have a healing time of between 6 and 8 weeks. A grade 2 sprain might be due to a ligament tear. That’s why the treatment for it should be performed under the observation of a medical professional. 
  • Grade 3 Sprain: Finally, a grade 3 sprain is more severe than both grades 1 and 2. As this kind of sprain is usually due to a ruptured ligament and can lead to permanent damage, having a home treatment is out of the question. The swelling in your ankle joint, in this case, will be quite extensive. Due to pain, you will have quite an instability in your joint, rendering you unable to walk or do several routine activities. A severe ankle sprain can have a recovery time of 3 to 6 months, and you will need to stay off your feet for a considerable amount of time. 

If you have any further questions regarding ankle sprain and the recovery time associated with it, you can have a consultation with the experts at Germanten Hospital. We will explain everything about the recovery process and help you on your feet faster. So book your appointment today!

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Jawad achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

 

06 Oct 2021
What Is Oxinium Knee Replacement

What Is Oxinium Knee Replacement?

Joint pain has become a prevalent issue among all generations. In the younger generation, athletes are more prone to knee injuries. To combat persistent knee pain and get back your range of motion, you may undergo a knee transplant. 

If you are young and want a speedy recovery, you may choose oxinium knee replacement. However, the average oxinium knee replacement cost depends on various factors. You can get the overall cost details by contacting Germanten Hospitals.

How Does Oxinium Knee Replacement Change The Process Of Knee Replacement?

Earlier, knee replacement surgeries had various risks, such as infection, wear and tear, and loosening. These risks enhanced the chances of repair surgery. Moreover, activities like running and sprinting put additional pressure on the replaced knee and damage it before the anticipated time. 

Later, cobalt-chromium alloys were used in knee replacement, but they wear out quickly. Moreover, they developed rough surfaces after a few years, and in many cases, it was observed that they cause metal allergies. 

A new alloy was developed using zirconium and niobium to combat metal allergies, and this new metal composition is known as oxinium oxidised zirconium. The oxinium implant is used in knee and thigh bone transplants. It is most suitable for younger patients who lead an active lifestyle. 

The knee replacement material oxinium is highly durable and does not cause any issue while running, jogging, or getting involved in other physical activities. However, oxinium knee implant cost depends on various factors, and you can contact Germanten Hospitals to find out more about the overall implant cost.

What Is Oxinium Oxidised Zirconium Knee Replacement?

Oxidised zirconium contains 97.5% zirconium and 2.5% niobium. The resultant alloy is durable and biocompatible. Moreover, it has a hard ceramic surface and metal structure. The ceramic surface provides strength and durability and prevents normal wear and tear and abrasions. It can be used for a longer period and is superior to its counterparts. The durability makes oxinium implant a preferred choice among knee replacement patients. 

How Is Oxinium Knee Transplant Better Than Cobalt-chrome Knee Replacement?

The superiority of oxinium knee transplant over the cobalt-chrome knee can be established by considering the following facts:

  • Strength
    Oxinium knee has twice the strength and surface hardness of the cobalt-chrome knee.
  • Brittleness
    Oxinium is less fragile when compared to a cobalt-chrome knee replacement and reduces the chances of brittle fractures.
  • Wear-out Rate
    Oxinium does not wear out quickly as it is abrasion-resistant. Moreover, the wear-out rate is almost 50% less than cobalt-chrome knee replacement.
  • Nickel Content
    Oxinium knee is low in nickel content, and hence it is a suitable option for metal allergic patients.
  • Durability
    Oxinium is a hard and scratch-resistant metal. When used in knee transplants, it provides a practical and long-lasting result. Oxinium knee implant offers a full range of motion and is suitable for active patients. Moreover, it does not get wear and tear and abrasion.
  • Biocompatible
    Cobalt-chrome knee implants have a high nickel content that may cause allergies. Oxinium is a biocompatible material and is best suited for patients who may develop metal allergies. Oxinium knee implant does not cause allergy, and you can restart your life quickly.

These are some prominent advantages of oxinium knee replacement. First, it lasts longer than other metal knee replacements.

Who Can Get The Benefits Of An Oxinium Knee Replacement?

Oxinium knee replacement can benefit anyone who needs a knee replacement. However, a suitable candidate for this knee replacement procedure is:

  • Younger Patients
    If you are young, then you can opt for oxinium knee joint replacement. These replacements can work well for up to 35 years, whereas a typical cobalt chrome knee replacement lasts 10-15 years. However, knee replacement is a one-time procedure, and therefore, you must invest in good-quality replacements.
  • Active Patients
    With an oxinium knee transplant, you can return to your active lifestyle quickly. In addition, these are durable and hence, support you for a long time.
  • Metal Allergic Patients
    If you are allergic to metals, you can opt for an oxinium knee transplant.

However, the cost of transplant depends upon the implant material. To get an estimate of oxinium knee replacement cost in India, you may contact the experts at Germanten Hospitals.

WHY CHOOSE US?

Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawd was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 

24 Mar 2021
common shoulder related issues

Common Shoulder Related Issues

Common Shoulder Related Issues

Our shoulders are one of the most movable joints in our body. With the help of our shoulder, we can move our arms across the body, reach up and behind. The shoulder joint is mainly made of three bones – the humerus, the clavicle and the scapula. It is anchored by tendons, muscles and ligaments to hold it in a stable position. Since the ball of the upper arm is bigger than the socket holding it, the shoulder can be unstable and is prone to problems and injuries. There can be many reasons behind shoulder pains – strains, falls, blows, accidents, daily wear and tear, repetitive motion and medical conditions.

Some common shoulder injuries are-

1. Dislocations – When the top of the arm bone comes partially or completely out of the shoulder socket, it is called a shoulder dislocation.This can happen if the shoulder is hit hard or if there is a tear or a stretch in the ligaments that keep the shoulder bones stable.
2. Fractures – A crack or break in the bone is called a fracture. It can be along the bone’s length or across the bone. Shoulder fractures can occur from an impact such as a sports injury or an accident, in younger people.For older people, shoulder fractures can occur due to taking a fall. When someone has a shoulder fracture, they can face some difficulty moving their arm. They might also experience swelling or bruising around the shoulder.
3. Arthritis – When the cartilage between bones breaks down, the bones rub together causing wear and tear. This leads to pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. This condition is called arthritis. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Another type of arthritis called rheumatoid arthritis is a condition where the body’s immune system attacks the protective lining in the joints.
4. Strains and sprains – When the ligament gets pulled in the wrong way, it can get torn or stretched causing a sprain in the shoulder.
5. Tendinitis – When the rotator cuff tendons get inflamed and irritated, that condition is called tendinitis. Sometimes, when a certain activity is performed again and again, like golfing or pitching, or due to the usual wear and tear, small tears develop in the tendons. It might hurt when someone with tendinitis tries to lift their arms.
6. Separations – The acromioclavicular joint is the joint where the shoulder blade and collarbone come together. A hard blow to the shoulder or a fall can tear the ligaments that hold the AC joint together. When the collarbone pops out of the place, this injury is called separation.
7. Bursitis – When we move, our tendons slide over our bones. To make this easier, small sacs of fluid called bursae are present in our shoulders.When the shoulder joints are overused, the bursae become inflamed and swollen. This condition is called bursitis. It is painful to use the shoulders even for the most basic tasks.
8. Impingement – When the tendons of the rotator cuff get pinched in the shoulder’s bones, it is called impingement. It is painful and can cause swelling. This happens when the arms are lifted over the head a lot.
9. Cartilage tear – A tear in the cartilage also occurs when a certain motion is performed over and over again. It can also get hurt due to a fall or when the shoulder absorbs a great amount of force. When you feel like your shoulder is locking, catching or grinding, then you can suspect a tear in the cartilage.
10. Frozen shoulder – When adhesions (abnormal tissue bands) form in the joint, they don’t allow the shoulder to move freely. This can happen when due to some reason, you’re not able to move your shoulder. This
condition is called a frozen shoulder. The common symptoms of shoulder problems include swelling, inflammation,pain, stiffness and bruising.


Treatment


Depending upon the type of shoulder problem or injury, your doctor may use a sling, suggest rest, ice or heat and medicine for the pain, or surgery. When the injuries are severe, at-home treatments don’t work. At Germanten Hospital, we have a dedicated team of physicians, orthopaedic surgeons and physiotherapists, led by Dr Mir Jawad Khan, who is an expert in the diagnosis and surgical as well as non-surgical treatment of the shoulder. He has over two decades of experience in the field. To celebrate his achievements and effort, he has been felicitated with the title of Best Doctor by the ex-CM of Joint Andhra Pradesh & Former Governor Tamilnadu, Shri Roshaiah Garu in 2018. In 2019,he was honoured with the Vaida Ratna Award by the Honourable Health Minister of Telangana, Shree Etala Rajendra.

At Germanten Hospital, each operation theatre has a high-advanced laminar airflow for total infection control. With over 200 beds, Germanten Hospital has earned the title of Best Emerging Orthopaedic Hospital in India, awarded by the Times of India in 2019. It has also been named the Best Orthopedic Hospital in South India by the Economic Times 2021. We use our shoulders for the smallest movements, hence it is important to protect them.
● If a large part of your day involves working at a desk, then you need to ensure that your chair offers proper support for the back.
● Maintain a good posture.
● You should also take a break and move and stretch once every hour.
● Whenever you need to lift something heavy, the proper technique should be used. Instead of bending from your waist, you should bend your knees for the power and keep your back straight.
● If you need to reach for something heavy over your head, using a ladder or a stool is a better option to prevent any shoulder injuries.

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