Tag: Arthritis

31 Dec 2022
Does stifness in fingers mean arthiritis

Does Stiffness In Fingers Mean Arthritis?

Stiffness In The Fingers In The Morning

Having stiff and swollen fingers in the morning is quite familiar to people of all ages. It can even be a cause of loss of mobility in your fingers in your daily routine. Although most people think that it is primarily due to arthritis, there can be other reasons. Therefore, a doctor will be able to provide you with treatment only after a thorough diagnosis. Here are a few symptoms of stiff and sore fingers in the morning: swelling, warmth in the area, mild to excruciating pain, redness, bruising, etc. 


Here are a few causes of stiff finger joints in the morning:

  • Arthritis: One of the most common orthopedic problems is arthritis, and it is considered a prevalent cause of stiff fingers. If the stiffness is due to this condition, it might get worse gradually. There are five forms of arthritis. The doctor will provide you with a suitable treatment based on a thorough diagnosis for the type. Then, there’s rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks its healthy cells. As this condition gets worse with age, an early diagnosis is key to treatment. When it comes to arthritis, along with stiff hands in the morning, you might feel swelling, excruciating pain and lack of mobility in your knees and other load-bearing joints. 


  • Dupuytren’s Contracture: It is a medical condition in which the collagen tissues under the skin of your palm gradually get thick and tight. It is also known as palmar fibromatosis. A cord-like structure might form due to the knots in the collagen tissues, which might pull your finger, causing a bend, resulting in stiffness. Although the most frequently affected fingers are your ring finger and pinkie, they might slowly spread around if not treated in time. Symptoms other than stiff fingers include the formation of lumps of tissues in your palms and having dimples or marks on the skin of your palms. 


  • Stenosing Tenosynovitis: It is a medical condition that causes inflammation in the protective sheath over the tendons in your fingers. Another name for this condition is trigger finger. Your finger might lock in a particular position instead of free motion. It tends to cause excruciating pain when you try to bend or move your fingers. 


Your fingers may feel stiff in the morning due to several reasons. But the true cause will be known only after a thorough diagnosis by a doctor. 




The first step in diagnosing a particular condition is usually a session of physical exam or consultation. In this session, the doctor might ask you a few questions about your symptoms, their extent, activity level, any accident you might have been involved in, etc. They will also check your fingers and see the range of motion to examine the symptoms firsthand. 

After that, they might recommend some diagnostic tests to pinpoint the exact cause of your afflictions. Firstly, there will be a regular X-ray to check for any damages or irregularities in your bone structure. Then, in rare cases, the diagnosis might go further with tests like CT scans and MRIs.

Then, the doctor will avail you of a treatment based on the diagnosis. 

So you might want to have an early consultation to ensure that the treatment is provided as soon as possible. 




The treatment of your stiff fingers will depend upon the cause to a great extent. But here are a few common treatments for this affliction:

  • Home remedies: You could try heat packs and ice packs to soothe the pain in your fingers. Then there are anti-inflammatory medications you can buy OTC to have some relief from the pain. 
  • Cast: The doctor might wrap a cast in case of a fracture. 
  • Surgery: Surgery might be the answer in severe cases. 

Having stiff fingers is quite common but can be pretty painful, and as mentioned earlier, it can be due to several reasons. So have a proper diagnosis to ensure a suitable treatment. If you have any more queries like “Why are my fingers stiff in the morning?” you might want to have a consultation with the doctors at Germanten Hospitals. So book your appointment today!




Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 


Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 22 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Jawad achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 


Dr.Mir Jawad Zar Khan was awarded the Times of India Award of “Iconic Joint Replacement Surgeon Of Telangana” by the State Hon’ble Governor Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan and Germanten hospital has been ranked by “All India Lifestyle Hospital & Clinic Ranking Survey 2022” among the top orthopedic hospitals India. 


We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients. 


17 Sep 2022
Types of knee surgery for Arthiritis

Types of Knee Surgery for Arthritis Treatment

Types Of Knee Surgery 

In the medical field, various types of knee surgery are available to treat knee arthritis. Suppose you are experiencing this health condition, then you might be recommended by a doctor or surgeon for some surgery. Your age, anatomy, lifestyle, health, and personal preference determine which knee surgery types suit you. 


Total Arthritis Knee Replacement Surgery (Total Knee Arthroplasty)

Replacing the entire knee can be an option for patients with moderate to severe knee arthritis and for whom non-surgical treatment does not work. In these knee surgery types, the ends of the tibia (shin bone) and femur (thigh bone) are cut and then capped with prostheses. 

The two prosthetic pieces are made of metal or, in some cases, polyethene. The two pieces move smoothly against one another, thus making the knee functional again. The knee will recover partially in 4 to 6 weeks; for a full recovery, it might take around an entire month. 

This arthritis knee surgery helps patients to get relief from knee pain and, at the same time, improve knee functionality. It is vital to take care of a replacement knee as it may not be as strong as a healthy knee. Arthritis knee replacement is recommended for patients who have recently undergone total replacement surgery to avoid high-impact activities such as jogging.

Partial Arthritis Knee Replacement Surgery (Uni-compartmental Knee Arthroplasty)

Partial replacement surgery is often referred to as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. In this procedure, only one of the knee’s three compartments is replaced. 

The three compartments of the knee are:

  • The medial compartment refers to the inner knee. It is the part where a person’s knees touch when their legs are together. 
  • The lateral compartment is the outer knee.
  • The patellofemoral compartment is found at the front of the knee, where the patella meets the femur. 

In this surgery, the focus is to treat the arthritically damaged compartment of the knee joint and, at the same time, preserve healthy areas. Therefore, the surgery is suitable for a smaller section of patients. However, if your knee is not aligned correctly or you have severe arthritis, stiffness, ligament damage, or inflammatory arthritis, you may not be eligible for these knee surgery types

Knee Osteotomy (Tibial Osteotomy or Femoral Osteotomy)

For those physically active people below 60 years whose poor knee alignment has led to wear and tear on just one side of the knee, knee osteotomy will be best. The condition is also referred to as unilateral knee arthritis or asymmetrical knee arthritis. 

During this arthritis knee surgery, the surgeon marks a cut into the femur, tibia, or both. Then a small wedge of bone is removed, and in that place, a small wedge of natural graft or artificial bone material is inserted.  

The knee osteotomy re-aligns the joint to push the pressure to the good side of the knee. It helps reduce wear and tear on the wrong side. The surgery aims to reduce the pain and slow down the progression. If the knee osteotomy is successful, then you delay the need for total knee replacement for about ten years. 

After the surgery, the patient can participate in high-impact sports. However, it is major surgery with potential risk factors and complications. For anisotropic arthritis knee surgery, full recovery can take around a complete one or even a year. 

Knee Arthroscopy 

For Arthroscopic surgery, only a small incision is needed. Your surgeon will insert a small video camera and surgical tools. During the procedure, they can also assess joint degeneration. 

Knee debridement and lavage can also be performed. It includes the following process:

  • The loose pieces of cartilage or bone that irritate are removed. 
  • Trim and smooth out the irregular or bumpy cartilage
  • Remove inflamed synovial tissue.
  • Lavage the joint that is to flush it with saline solution to clean out material that leads to irritation or swelling

Opinions differ on whether these types of ACL surgery or normal knee surgery are best suited or not. Moreover, if you are looking for different types of ACL surgery, come to Germanten Hospital. With the latest facilities and advanced technologies, our experts can help you with some of the best knee surgery types with little to no risks and complications.

09 Jul 2022
12 foods to avoid Arthritis

12 Foods To Avoid When You Have Arthritis

Arthritis is a medical condition that results in inflammation of the joints causing severe pain and stiffness of the muscles. It refers to all types of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, gout and rheumatoid arthritis.  

The extent of inflammation depends on the diet, physical activity, water intake, current health condition and habits (smoking, drinking).

Higher intake of sugar, salt, fat and refined carbohydrates can increase inflammation. Here is a list of foods to avoid during arthritis:  

  1. Red meat :
    Red meat has a higher percentage of saturated fat as compared to white meat or plant-based proportion. So it is one of the foods to avoid during arthritis. Unfortunately, red meats can also worsen the swelling and inflammation.
  2. Dairy products with high-fat content :
    Arthritis foods to avoid also include dairy products such as yoghurt, cheese, milk, ice creams and a lot more. Each product is different from the other and has a different nutritional value. In order to prevent arthritis, it would be better to avoid full-fat dairy products with high levels of sugar as it increases the inflammation of joints.
  3. Omega 6 fatty acid :
    The excessive consumption of omega-6-containing food items can deteriorate the inflammation. Thus, make sure to check off items like soybeans, corn, safflower, sunflower, canola oil, nuts and meat in the list of foods to avoid during arthritis. You can use olive oil as a substitute for everyday cooking as it is monounsaturated.
  4. Salt
    Sodium is an essential element required for the normal functioning of the body. However, our regular salt intake is always much more than needed. Thus higher salt levels should be included in the list of arthritis food to avoid.
  5. High sugar beverages
    The beverages available in the market, such as soda, fruit juices, sweet tea and coffee drinks, have tremendous amounts of sugar. Thus, these are some of the worst foods for arthritis. If you suffer from arthritis, try and control your sugar intake by up to 9 spoons per day.
  6.  Fried items
    Fried snacks and food are friends in cooking oils which are high in omega six fatty acids and fatty acids. Thus, if fried snacks are a large portion of your daily life, they can worsen arthritis. Therefore, you should limit fried foods to avoid arthritis or keep it under control.
    Fried food also has a high amount of salt, sugar, and refined carbohydrates, leading to more inflammation. A better alternative for this is to go for air-fried food or baked items.
  7. Canned products
    The amount of salt used in canned food items is very high. It is used as a preservative in canned vegetables, meat, soup, etc. Thus, to manage your symptoms, make sure to exclude canned foods and avoid them in an arthritis diet.
  8. Alcohol
    Alcohol can be a relief to those who have arthritis. Some varieties like red wine have anti-inflammatory properties. Consuming more than 5 ounces of red wine can improve inflammation.
  9. Refined carbohydrates
    White rice and flour is the highly processed form of their respective grains. The fibre and nutrition are lost in the process, making it a simple carbohydrate. Simple carbohydrate is digested much faster and causes a spike in the blood sugar level, thereby increasing inflammation. Thus, try to limit refined carbohydrate intake as it is one of the worst foods for arthritis.
  10. Candy and desserts
    Candy and desserts are loads of sugar without having any nutritional benefits. It is also known as empty calories for this reason. Thus, be sure to limit desserts, candies and added sugar foods to avoid rheumatoid arthritis.
  11. Processed food
    Packaged food items such as frozen packets, baked items, chips, and fast food are loaded with food items which should be avoided in arthritis. The refined grains, high amounts of sugar, and salt make them last longer than the usual fresh food items. It can result in obesity, worsening the condition. So if you are looking for arthritis foods to avoid, make sure to include processed food items on the list.
  12. Gluten
    Grains like wheat and barley contain protein which is known as gluten. Following a gluten-free diet helps in decreasing inflammation.

Want more information about arthritis foods to avoid? Then come over to Germanten Hospital. Our orthopaedic experts and dieticians will help you prepare a nutritious diet chart and manage your symptoms.


15 May 2022
what are the signs & symptoms of arthritis

What are the signs and symptoms of Arthritis

What Are The Early Signs Of Arthritis?

In the fast and active world that we live in today, our lifestyle may sometimes adversely affect our health. Arthritis is a situation that you might experience due to an unhealthy lifestyle. However, the problem can easily be treated if detected early, receiving proper medical care and discipline. If you are looking for the signs and symptoms of arthritis, this article has everything you need to know. 

An overview of arthritis

Arthritis can be defined as a swelling of the joints of your bone. Although it generally affects people older than 65 years, it can occur in children and young adults as well.

The condition of arthritis does not have a treatment, but it can be kept in check if you receive the correct medical care and switch to a healthy lifestyle. There are different varieties of arthritis, and each type has a different treatment. According to medical science, there are around 100 types of arthritis that might affect you, and the most common types are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. 

If you think you have rheumatology arthritis symptoms, visit Germanten Hospital. Our expert doctors can also provide you with a detailed rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis

Common signs and symptoms of arthritis

A few of the most common signs and symptoms of arthritis are frequent joint pain, swelling, stiffness, etc. You can easily observe if you have one of these symptoms or all of them. 

Apart from this, you can also experience a drastic decrease in the range of your movement and even observe some redness in the skin around a particular joint. Additionally, you can also feel feverish or other intense diseases, and the level of your red blood cells might also decrease. The factors mentioned above are some ways by which you can understand the signs of arthritis. 

With the proper consultation and medical treatment, the symptoms can be identified at the right time. It will also help you take preventive measures against any attack. You should not worry about the problems of arthritis as there are many treatments available to keep it in check. 

If you observe rheumatology arthritis symptoms, visit Germanten Hospitals.

How to understand if you have arthritis?

The condition of arthritis can be detected in the early stages with the help of proper medical examination and diagnosis. The early signs and symptoms of arthritis are quite easy to detect.  

Extreme fatigue is one of the most common and the earliest signs of arthritis, especially RA. During this time, you are likely to get fatigued very quickly, especially while doing strenuous physical activities like walking or running. Apart from this, you can also experience severe depression and excessive tiredness. All of this can happen several months before arthritis sets in. 

One of the most critical signs of arthritis is stiffness in the morning. Despite lasting for a short duration, it might increase over time as your arthritis progresses. 

Some of the early signs of arthritis are experiencing stiffness in the joints of your bone. This pain can occur at any point of the day, irrespective of you being involved in physical activity. You will experience this stiffness starting from the joints in your hand and later spreading to the other parts of your body. Usually, you will not feel this stiffness in multiple joints over your body within a short period. You may also feel the stiffness in your fingers, knees, wrists, feet, ankles or shoulders. 

If you experience inflammation and swelling in the area around your joints, then it might advance to severe arthritis. You might also feel some warmth in the areas around your joints with inflammation. 

Another symptom of the onset of arthritis is feeling feverish. You can understand if you show signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis or RA if you feel feverish and observe swelling. 


It must be clear by now if you feel arthritis symptoms in your feet or other body parts. If it is detected early, make sure to visit your doctor and get treatment immediately. Arthritis can be prevented to an extent with the help of proper lifestyle, discipline and good treatment. 

Are you looking for rheumatologist Then visit Germanten Hospitals as we have excellent facilities to provide the patients with a comprehensive rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis. You can also visit us if you have general queries about arthritis pain and other symptoms.

07 Nov 2021
What Are The Early Signs Of Arthritis In The Knees?

What Are The Early Signs Of Arthritis In The Knees?

Arthritis Symptoms

How do you understand the early signs of arthritis in the knees?

We all are adapted to the fast-paced and hyperactive lifestyle today. With that comes the expectations of being socially involved even at the cost of health. Your disoriented lifestyle can take you towards the ailment known as arthritis. But don’t worry; it can be controlled with medicines and discipline if you detect arthritis early. We can help you with everything, including arthritis in the knees and the symptoms.  

Below are the probable arthritis symptoms in the knee that can help identify their health condition and even defeat it in the best scenario. 

Common Symptoms

Standard medical techniques are usually enough for the identification of arthritis. However, the sooner, the better is valid here. Frequent joint pains, swelling of the area, stiffness are considered the first symptoms of arthritis. If you have these signs, the identification is more effortless. 

A gradual decrease in the range of motion and somewhat redness on the joint’s skin are also the signs. In addition, it is common to have various acute diseases or feel slightly feverish. So your determination to find the early identification signs might get a boost when you find out the reduced red blood cell count. 

With competent medical advice and help, you can identify all these signs at the right time and place. Thus, you can ensure proper safety from all sorts of attacks in all ways possible. So like we say, prevention is better than cure, do not overthink about the consequences. 

How Do You Know If You Have Arthritis?

We say that early identification is the only chance to get proper medical help for all diseases. Arthritis is no different. The first signs of arthritis in the knees are easily noticeable, and if you are experiencing any of the following, do consult with a doctor on an urgent basis-

  • The standard and early sign of arthritis is fatigue. Especially RA, you feel tired quickly, like you might feel exhausted even after doing a short physical activity like running or walking. Doctors might not diagnose arthritis at this point. Acute depression often accompanies tiredness. 
  • Morning stiffness is a red alert for arthritis. The stiffness won’t last for a long time, but it will increase and gradually worsen arthritis. If the stiffness lasts long, then you might have inflammatory arthritis (typical of RA arthritis).
  • Identification of early signs of arthritis is possible if you suffer from stiff or painful bone joints. You can feel pain anywhere at any time, irrespective of whether you are active or not. The stiffness starts from the joints of your hand before spreading all over the body. However, it is unlikely that you’ll have the condition in multiple joints in a span of a few days. Pain in fingers, ankles, wrists, knees or shoulders is common. 
  • Acute arthritis is pointed out by swelling and inflammation around specific joints. Sometimes, these areas can feel warm. 
  • Fever is a major symptom of arthritis If fever presents with inflamed and painful joints, then you might have severe RA. 

Now you must have got an insight into possible early signs of arthritis and their identification. Take a peek into your health status for arthritis knee pain or symptoms and consult with an experienced doctor well in time. Though arthritis is not curable, you can keep it under control with proper medical guidance and medications. 

With the above information, you can catch the early signs of arthritis in your knees. Do not hesitate to seek help because it will make your life much easier. With discipline and lifestyle adjustments, every disease is manageable. So do not lose hope and be alert while identifying the symptoms you experience. 

If you suspect to have arthritis in your knees and the symptoms support that, and want a professional opinion, you may visit Germanten Hospital. Our exceptional team of experts can guide you along the way. We even have Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan, who has 20 years of experience in joint replacement and can help you with it if needed. Do not worry if the disease is curable or not; with proper measures and early detection, you can control it. 


Germanten Hospital has been one of India’s leading facilities for various medical treatments. Under insightful leadership, we have acquired excellence when it comes to treatments in neurology, plastic or cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics and reconstructive surgery. 

Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan has led our hospital to the forefront of the medical industry. He has experience of 20 years in orthopaedics. His alma mater is Osmania University, where Dr. Khan achieved a gold medal for his excellence in education. He then completed advanced training in the USA and Germany. 

Dr. Jawad was awarded the “Best Doctor” by Shri Roshaiah Garu, the Former Gov. of Tamil Nadu and former CM of Andhra Pradesh. He was also felicitated with the Vaida Ratna Award in 2019 by Shri Etala Rajendra, the honourable health minister of Telangana. In addition to that, Germanten Hospital also received an award of “Best Orthopaedic Hospital In South India” from the Economic Times Group in 2021. 

We have gained access to state-of-the-art medical technology and the latest advanced equipment, which has proven to be quite beneficial for our patients.